Site Search

NOTICE: We are continuing to post more present truth studies, both old and new, so please visit us again soon.

What's New?
That everyone who thirsteth for the truth may obtain it, these publications are, as a Christian service, provided without charge. They levy but one exaction: the soul's obligation to itself to prove all things and hold fast to that which is good. The only strings attached to this free proffer are the golden strands of Eden and the crimson cords of Calvary - the ties that bind.
Benjamin L. Roden

cover image


VOLUME 6,    NUMBERS 7 – 9


That everyone who thirsteth for the truth may obtain it, these Lessons are, as a Christian service, mailed without charge. They levy but one exaction: the soul's obligation to itself to prove all things and hold fast to that which is good. The only strings attached to this free proffer are the golden strands of Eden and the crimson cords of Calvary – the ties that bind.

New Mt. Carmel Center
Rt. 7, Box 471-B
Waco, Texas 76705


The Atonement

Volume 6Numbers 7-9


Lesson  1 – The Earthly Sanctuary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Lesson  2 – The Sabbaths of the Lord . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Lesson  3 – The Day of Atonement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Lesson  4 – Our Sacrifice, the Messiah . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Lesson  5 – The Transition from the Earthly

            Sanctuary to the Heavenly . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

Lesson  6 – The Priesthood of the Messiah . . . . . . . . . . .27

Lesson  7 – The Cleansing of the Heavenly

            Sanctuary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

Poem:     – A Plea for Reapers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Chart:    – The Sealing and the Marking –

            The Rule of Time Governing Latter

            Day Events in Harmony with the

            Jewish Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40, 41

Lesson  8 – The Investigative Judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Lesson  9 – The Judgment of the Living . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

Lesson 10 – The Branch and Joshua . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56

Lesson 11 – The Righteousness of Christ . . . . . . . . . . . .61

Lesson 12 – The Feast of Tabernacles . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

Lesson 13 – The Close of Probation and the

            Removal of Sin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70

Out of the Mailbag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

Announcements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79


Lesson 1


Memory Gem

"And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them." – Exodus 25:8.


"The whole worship of ancient Israel was a promise, in figures and symbols, of Christ; and it was not merely a promise, but an actual provision, designed by God to aid millions of people by lifting their thoughts to Him who was to manifest Himself to our world." – Testimonies to Ministers, page 123:4.

Question 1
For what purpose was the sanctuary constructed? Ex. 25:8.

NOTE --- "During his stay in the mount, Moses received directions for the building of a sanctuary in which the divine presence would be specially manifested. 'Let them make me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them, was the command of God .... Henceforth the people were to be honored with the abiding presence of their King. 'I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God,' 'and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory,' was the assurance given to Moses. As a symbol of God's authority, and the embodiment of His will, there was delivered to Moses a copy of the decalogue engraved by the finger of God himself upon two tables of stone, to be sacredly enshrined in the sanctuary, which, when made, was to be the visible center of the nation's worship." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 313, 314.

"God commanded Moses for Israel, 'Let them make Me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them' (Ex. 25:8), and He abode in the sanctuary, in the midst of His people. Through all their weary wandering in the desert, the symbol of His presence was with them. So Christ set up His tabernacle in the midst of our human encampment. He pitched His tent by the side of the tents of men, that He might dwell among us, and make us familiar with His divine character and life. 'The Word became flesh, and tabernacled among us (and we beheld His glory, glory as of the Only Begotten from the Father), full of grace and truth." – The Desire of Ages, pages 23, 24. (Parenthesis belong.)

Question 2
Where did Moses obtain plans for construction of the tabernacle? Ex. 25:9,40; 26:30.


NOTE --- "In the building of the sanctuary as a dwelling place for God, Moses was directed to make all things according to the pattern of things in the heavens. God called him into the mount, and revealed to him the heavenly things, and in their similitude the tabernacle, with all that pertained to it, was fashioned. So to Israel, whom He desired to make His dwelling place, He revealed His glorious ideal of character. The pattern was shown them in the mount when the law was given from Sinai and when God passed by before Moses and proclaimed, 'The Lord, The Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth.'" – Education, page 35:1, 2.

Question 3
What description of the tabernacle is given? Ex. 26:1-37.

sanctuaryNOTE --- "The tabernacle was so constructed that it could be taken apart and borne with the Israelites in all their journeyings. It was therefore small, being not more than fifty-five feet in length, and eighteen in breadth and height. Yet it was a magnificent structure. The wood employed for the building and its furniture was that of the acacia tree, which was less subject to decay than any other to be obtained at Sinai. The walls consisted of upright boards, set in silver sockets, and held firm by pillars and connecting bars; and all were overlaid with gold, giving to the building the appearance of solid gold. The roof was formed of four sets of curtains, the innermost of 'fine-twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubim of cunning work;' the other three respectively were of goats' hair, rams' skins dyed red, and seal skins, so arranged as to afford complete protection." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 347:1.

Question 4
What surrounded the tabernacle? Ex. 27:9-18.

NOTE --- "The sacred tent was enclosed in an open space called the court, which was surrounded by hangings, or screens, of fine linen, suspended from pillars of brass. The entrance to this enclosure was at the eastern end. It was closed by curtains of costly material and beautiful workmanship, though inferior to those of the sanctuary. The hangings of the court being only about


half as high as the wall of the tabernacle, the building could be plainly seen by the people without." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 347:3.

Question 5
How was the interior of the tabernacle divided? Ex. 26:31-33.

NOTE --- "The building was divided into two apartments by a rich and beautiful curtain, or veil, suspended from gold-plated pillars; and a similar veil closed the entrance of the first apartment. These, like the inner covering, which formed the ceiling, were of the most gorgeous colors, blue, purple, and scarlet, beautifully arranged, while inwrought with threads of gold and silver were cherubim to represent the angelic host who are connected with the work of the heavenly sanctuary and who are ministering spirits to the people of God on earth." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 347:2.

Question 6

What furnishings stood between the gate of the court and the door of the tabernacle? Ex. 40:6,7; 27:1-8; 30:18-21.

NOTE --- "In the court, and nearest the entrance, stood the brazen altar of burnt-offering. Upon this altar were consumed all the sacrifices made by fire unto the Lord, and its horns were sprinkled with the atoning blood. Between the altar and the door of the tabernacle was the laver, which was also of brass, made from the mirrors that had been the free-will offering of the women of Israel. At the laver the priests were to wash their hands and their feet whenever they went into the sacred apartments, or approached the altar to offer a burnt-offering unto the Lord." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 347, 348.

"Moses at the burning bush was directed to put off his sandals, for the ground whereon he stood was holy. So the priests were not to enter the sanctuary with shoes upon their feet. Particles of dust cleaving to them would desecrate the holy place. They were to leave their shoes in the court before entering the sanctuary, and also to wash both their hands and their feet before ministering in the tabernacle or at the altar of burnt offering. Thus was constantly taught the lesson that all defilement must be put away from those who would approach into the presence of God." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 350:2.

Question 7

What three pieces of furniture were found in the first apartment of the holy place? Ex. 26:35; 40:22-27; Heb. 9:2.

NOTE --- "The table of show-bread stood on the north. With its ornamental crown, it was overlaid with pure gold . . . . On the south was the seven-branched candlestick, with its seven lamps. Its branches were ornamented with exquisitely wrought flowers, resembling lilies, and the whole was made from one solid piece of gold . . . . Just before the veil separating the holy place from


the most holy and the immediate presence of God, stood the golden altar of incense." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 348:1.

Question 8

What was the purpose of these three pieces of furniture? Lev. 24:5-9; Ex. 25:31-39; 37:17-23; 30:1-9.

NOTE --- "The show-bread was kept ever before the Lord as a perpetual offering. Thus it was a part of the daily sacrifice. It was called show-bread, or 'bread of the presence,' because it was ever before the face of the Lord. It was an acknowledgment of man's dependence upon God for both temporal and spiritual food, and that it is received only through the mediation of Christ. God had fed Israel in the wilderness with bread from heaven, and they were still dependent upon his bounty, both for temporal food and spiritual blessings. Both the manna and the show-bread pointed to Christ, the living bread, who is ever in the presence of God for us. He himself said, 'I am the living bread which came down from heaven. ' Frankincense was placed upon the loaves. When the bread was removed every Sabbath, to be replaced by fresh loaves, the frankincense was burned upon the altar as a memorial before God." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 354:1.

"On this table the priests were each Sabbath to place twelve cakes, arranged in two piles, and sprinkled with frankincense. The loaves that were removed, being accounted holy, were to be eaten by the priests." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 348:1.

"There being no windows in the tabernacle, the lamps were never all extinguished at one time, but shed their light by day and by night." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 348:1.

"When the priest offered incense before the Lord, he looked toward the ark; and as the cloud of incense arose, the divine glory descended upon the mercy seat and filled the most holy place, and often so filled both apartments that the priest was obliged to retire to the door of the tabernacle. As in that typical service the priest looked by faith to the mercy seat which he could not see, so the people of God are now to direct their prayers to Christ, their great High Priest, who, unseen by human vision, is pleading in their behalf in the sanctuary above. The incense, ascending with the prayers of Israel, represents the merits and intercession of Christ, His perfect righteousness, which through faith is imputed to His people, and which can alone make the worship of sinful beings acceptable to God. Before the veil of the most holy place was an altar of perpetual intercession." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 353:1, 2.

Question 9
What was Moses commanded to make for the second apartment? Ex. 25:10-20.


Question 10

What was to be placed within the ark? Ex. 25:16; 40:20; Deut. 10:1-5; 31:26; Heb. 9: 3-5.

NOTE --- "Beyond the inner veil was the holy of holies, where centered the symbolic service of atonement and intercession, and which formed the connecting link between heaven and earth. In this apartment was the ark, a chest of acacia wood, overlaid within and without with gold, and having a crown of gold about the top. It was made as a depository for the tables of stone, upon which God himself had inscribed the Ten Commandments. Hence it was called the ark of God's testament, or the ark of the covenant, since the Ten commandments were the basis of the covenant made between God and Israel. . . . . The law of God, enshrined within the ark, was the great rule of righteousness and judgment. That law pronounced death upon the transgressor; but above the law was the mercy seat, upon which the presence of God was revealed, and from which, by virtue of the atonement, pardon was granted to the sinner." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 348, 349.

Question 11

From where in the sanctuary did God speak with Israel? How? Ex. 25:21,22; Lev. 16:2; Num. 7:89.

NOTE --- "Above the mercy seat was the Shekinah, the manifestation of the divine presence; and from between the cherubim, God made known his will. Divine messages were sometimes communicated to the high priest by a voice from the cloud. Sometimes a light fell upon the angel at the right, to signify approval or acceptance, or a shadow or cloud rested upon the one at the left to reveal disapproval or rejection." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 349:1.

"At the right and left of the breastplate (worn by the high priest) were two large stones of great brilliancy. These were known as the Urim and Thummim. By them the will of God was made known through the high priest. When questions were brought for decision before the Lord, a halo of light encircling the precious stone at the right was a token of the divine consent or approval, while a cloud shadowing the stone at the left was an evidence of denial or disapprobation." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 351:2.


It is a part of God's plan to grant us, in answer to the prayer of faith, that which He would not bestow did we not thus ask. – The Great Controversy, p. 525.


Lesson 2


Memory Gem

"Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, concerning the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts." – Leviticus 23:2.


"While leading the Hebrew host from bondage to freedom, the Lord was firmly establishing them in the truth of all things, including the truth of the day on which the year begins, of the day on which the month begins, and of the day on which the week begins. Obviously, the Hebrew religion had largely to do with the days of the week, of the month, and of the year. The Hebrews were forever to keep holy, (1) not a seventh, but the seventh, day of each week, the Sabbath; (2) the days from the fifteenth to the twenty-first day of the first month, the Passover week; (3) the fiftieth day after the sheaf of the first fruits was offered, the Pentecost; (4) the tenth day of the seventh month, the Atonement; (5) the days from the fifteenth to the twenty-first day of the seventh month, the Feast of Tabernacles; and (6) the feasts of the new moons. Thus the All-knowing One, He who created the heavenly bodies and knows the very moment He set them in motion to govern the day, the month, and the year, decreed that the holy feasts be observed in the very month and on the very day on which they were first ordained." – The Answerer, Book No. 3, pages 9,10.

Question 1

What feast or "appointed meeting" do Sabbathkeepers observe most frequently? Lev. 23:3; Ex. 20:8-11.

NOTE --- "The word translated 'feast' in this chapter is from one or the other of two Hebrew words (1) Mo'ed, an appointed meeting. . . (2) Chag, a festival, . . two words are sometimes used interchangeably, though mo'ed stresses the time of the feast. . . chag, the character of the feast." – S.D.A. Bible Commentary, Vol. 1, page 801.

Question 2
Most of the Christian world keep Sunday for the Sabbath for what reason? Dan. 7:25.


NOTE --- "All things whatsoever that it was duty to do on the Sabbath, these we (Eusebius and Constantine) have transferred to the Lord's day (Sunday)." – Sabbath Literature, by Cox, Vol. 1, page 361.

"The earliest recognition of the observance of Sunday as a legal duty is a constitution of Constantine in 321 A.D. . . ." – Encyclopedia Britannica, ninth edition, article "Sunday."

"You may read the Bible from Genesis to Revelation, and you will not find a single line authorizing the sanctification of Sunday. The Scriptures enforce the religious observance of Saturday, a day which we never sanctify." – Cardinal Gibbons, in "The Faith of Our Fathers," p. 111, 1892 edition.

"Sunday is a Catholic institution, and its claims to observance can be defended only on Catholic principles." – Catholic Press (Sydney, Australia), Aug. 25, 1900.

Question 3

What three annual convocations were all Israel required to attend? Deut. 16:16; Ex. 34:23.

NOTE --- "Yearly feasts were appointed, at which all the men of the nation were to assemble before the Lord, bringing to Him their offerings of gratitude and the first-fruits of His bounties. The object of all these regulations was stated: they proceeded from no exercise of mere arbitrary sovereignty; all were given for the good of Israel. The Lord said, 'Ye shall be holy men unto Me' – worthy to be acknowledged by a holy God." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 311:2.

Question 4

Through what climactic experience did the Israelites pass as they were delivered from Egyptian bondage? Ex. 12:29-33.

Question 5

How had the Israelites been commanded to protect themselves from the destroying angel and to prepare for this sudden departure? Ex. 12:3,6,7,11,21-23.

Question 6
What feast was ordained in connection with the Exodus from Egypt? Lev. 23:4-12.

NOTE --- "The first of these festivals, the Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread, occurred in Abib, the first month of the Jewish year, corresponding to the last of March and the beginning of April." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 537:3.


"In commemoration of this great deliverance a feast was to be observed yearly by the people of Israel in all future generations .... The Passover was to be both commemorative and typical, not only pointing back to the deliverance from Egypt, but forward to the greater deliverance which Christ was to accomplish in freeing His people from the bondage of sin." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 274, 277.

Question 7

Why do most of the Christian world observe the Lord's Supper at a time other than "the fourteenth day of the first month at even"? Dan. 7:25.

"The GREAT QUESTION of dispute between the church of Asia Minor and the rest of Christendom was whether the pascal communion should be celebrated on the FOURTEENTH OF NISAN or on the Sunday... The Christians of Asia Minor, appealing to the example of the APOSTLES, John and Philip, and to the UNIFORM PRACTICE of the Church, celebrated the CHRISTIAN PASSOVER ALWAYS on the FOURTEENTH OF NISAN, whatever day of the week that might be... The ROMAN CHURCH, on the OTHER HAND, FOLLOWED BY ALL THE REST OF CHRISTENDOM, celebrated. . . on Friday, and.. Sunday.. . but the ROMAN PRACTICE gradually PREVAILED over the Asiatic, and finally, at the Council of Nicea, was declared BINDING UPON THE WHOLE CHURCH, while the Asiatic practice (following Jesus' example – Matt. 26:18-20, 26-28; Luke 22:10-20; 1 Cor. 11:23, 24) WAS CONDEMNED... and they were branded as HERETICS." – Nicene & Post-Nicene Fathers, 2nd Series: 1:241

Question 8
What harvest ceremony was celebrated immediately after the Passover? Lev. 23:10,11.

NOTE --- "The Passover was followed by the seven days' Feast of Unleavened Bread. The first and the seventh day were days of holy convocation, when no servile work was to be performed. On the second day of the feast, the firstfruits of the year's harvest were presented before God. Barley was the earliest grain in Palestine, and at the opening of the feast it was beginning to ripen. A sheaf of this grain was waved by the priest before the altar of God, as an acknowledgment that all was His. Not until this ceremony had been performed was the harvest to be gathered." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 539:6.

Question 9

Fifty days after the Passover, what convocation was celebrated? Lev. 23:15-21; Num. 28:26-31.

NOTE --- "Fifty days from the offering of the firstfruits, came the Pentecost, called also the Feast of Harvest and the Feast of Weeks. As an expression of gratitude for the grain prepared as food, two loaves baked with


leaven were presented before God. The Pentecost occupied but one day, which was devoted to religious service." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 540:1.

"On Pentecost, fifty days after the typical sheaf was offered, all Israel were to offer 'a new meat offering unto the Lord. . . [two wave-loaves 'baken with leaven'] the firstfruits unto the Lord.' Lev. 23:16,17. Both the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves were thank offerings for the first fruits. One was dedicated at the beginning of the harvest; the other at the completion of it. In contrast to the wave-sheaf of cut stalks of grain, prefiguring fruits to be gathered after the sheaf was offered, the wave-loaves, being a finished product, signified fruits previously gathered." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 77, 78. [Brackets belong]

Question 10

What significant events occurred on the Day of Pentecost in the year of Christ's death? Acts 2:1-11,41.

NOTE --- ". . . since the wave-sheaf of grain pointed forward to the ingathering of the first fruits of the field, just so those who arose with Christ, being first fruits of the dead, pointed forward to the ingathering of the gospel's first fruits – the 120 disciples. . , . Just as Christ arose on the very day the sheaf was to be offered, likewise the Holy Spirit fell upon the 120 disciples on the very day the wave-loaves were to be presented before the Lord. The apostolic Pentecost was accordingly the prototype of the ceremonial Pentecost (the day the wave-loaves were offered). And since the wave-sheaf was a figure of Christ and of those who arose with Him as the first of the first fruits of the dead, hence the wave-loaves were a figure of the 120 Spirit-filled disciples who were the full complement of first fruits of the dead, and who were gathered in after the resurrection." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 79, 80. (Parenthesis belong to quotation.)

Question 11
What feast preceded the Day of Atonement? Lev. 23:23-25; Num. 29:1.

Question 12
Soon after the Day of Atonement, what joyous feast was celebrated? Lev. 23:34-43.

NOTE --- "In the seventh month came the Feast of Tabernacles, or of ingathering. This feast acknowledged God's bounty in the products of the orchard, the olive grove, and the vineyard. It was the crowning festal gathering of the year. The land had yielded its increase, the harvests had been gathered into the granaries, the fruits, the oil, and the wine had been stored, the first-fruits had been reserved, and now the people came with their tributes of thanksgiving to God, who had thus richly blessed them. This feast was to be pre-eminently an occasion of rejoicing. It occurred just after the great day of atonement, when the assurance had been given that their iniquity should be


remembered no more. At peace with God, they now came before him to acknowledge his goodness, and to praise him for his mercy. The labors of the harvest being ended, and the toils of the new year not yet begun, the people were free from care, and could give themselves up to the sacred, joyous influences of the hour. Though only the fathers and sons were commanded to appear at the feasts, yet, so far as possible, all the household were to attend them, and to their hospitality the servants, the Levites, the stranger, and the poor were made welcome." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 540:1, 2.

Question 13
To what did this feast point forward? Isa. 66:19,20; Zech. 2:11; Rom. 11:25,26; Rev,7:9.

NOTE --- "The Feast of Tabernacles was not only commemorative, but typical. It not only pointed back to the wilderness sojourn, but, as the feast of harvest, it celebrated the ingathering of the fruits of the earth, and pointed forward to the great day of final ingathering, when the Lord of the harvest shall send forth his reapers to gather the tares together in bundles for the fire, and to gather the wheat into his garner." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 541:2.

"As the wave-sheaf and the wave-loaves are typical, then also the Feast of Tabernacles must be typical. Otherwise the ceremony would not have been observed as a part of the harvest rite. And as in the type the feast was to be celebrated at the close of the final ingathering of the year's harvest, then correspondingly in the antitype it must be celebrated at the close of the final ingathering of earth's harvest, which is nearing its fulfillment." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, page 81.

Question 14

Sister White makes a surprising statement regarding the Feast of Tabernacles. What is it?


Question 15

God commands anciently and today and throughout eternity that His children observe what monthly feast? Ps. 81:1-4; Isa. 66:22,23.

NOTE --- "God teaches that we should assemble in His house to cultivate the attributes of perfect love. This will fit the dwellers of earth for the mansions that Christ has gone to prepare for all who love Him. There they will


assemble in the sanctuary from Sabbath to Sabbath, from one new moon to another, to unite in loftiest strains of song, in praise and thanksgiving to Him who sits upon the throne, and to the Lamb for ever and ever." – Testimonies, Vol. 6, page 368:3.

Question 16
Rome makes what boast? 2 Thess. 2:3,4.

NOTE --- "The NEW LAW has its own spirit, and its own sacrifice, and its own FEASTS (Sunday, Communion on a set day other than 14th day of 1st month) WHICH HAVE TAKEN THE PLACE OF THOSE APPOINTED IN THE LAW OF MOSES. If we would know the DAYS TO BE OBSERVED. . . we must go to the Catholic Church, NOT to the MOSAIC LAW." – Catholic Catechism, Signs of the Times, Nov. 4, 1919.

Question 17
What did Paul declare? 2 Thess. 2:5-8; Read also Dan. 7:24-27.

NOTE --- "Multitudes reverence the Pope by the observance of his spurious feast days. Therefore, since the importance of God's Holy Feast days has now been revealed, all true worshipers of Jehovah will show their devotion to Him by ceasing their work on all of God's Sabbaths. This, dear Brothers and Sisters, is the message of the Fifth Angel of Rev. 14:17, the Angel with the message of the judgment of the Living who joins the Third Angel's message to give the Loud Cry. Read T.M. 59, 300; E.W. 277; 6 T 406; G.C. 604." – God's Holy Feasts, page 9.


There is a wide field for the elders and the helpers in every [local] church. They are to feed the flock of God with pure provender, thoroughly winnowed from the chaff, the poisonous mixture of error. You who have any part to act in the church of God, be sure that you act wisely in feeding the flock of God; for its prosperity much depends upon the quality of this food. – The S.D.A. Bible Commentary, Ellen G. White Comments, on 1 Peter 5:2, 3, p. 942.


Lesson 3


Memory Gem

"For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the Lord." – Leviticus 16:30.


"In the sanctuary construction and service, is revealed the plan of salvation. The first apartment, called the holy place, in which the high priest officiated daily with sacrifices and divers manners of gifts and washings, was a place for confession of sin. All of which was a shadow of heavenly things, clearly revealing the plan of salvation. The second apartment, within the veil, called the 'most holy,' or the 'holiest of all,' was open only in the seventh month, and tenth day of the month, in each year; there redemption from the condemnation of the law was assured .... It was called the day of atonement, judgment, or cleansing of the Sanctuary .... The seat overshadowed by the cherubims being called the mercy seat, proves that it is a throne of mercy, and therefore a throne of judgment, where sinners can obtain mercy." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, page 187:2.

Question 1
Of all the ceremonial sabbaths, which was the most solemn? Lev. 23:27-32.

NOTE --- "Once a year, on the great day of atonement, the priest entered the most holy place for the cleansing of the sanctuary. The work there performed completed the yearly round of ministration." – The Great Controversy, page 419:1.

Question 2
Which priest performed the ceremonies on this day? Ex. 30:10; Lev. 16:2; Heb. 9:7.

NOTE --- "No mortal eye but that of the high priest was to look upon the inner apartment of the sanctuary. Only once a year could the priest enter there, and that after the most careful and solemn preparation. With trembling he went in before God, and the people in reverent silence awaited his return, their hearts uplifted in earnest prayer for the divine blessing. Before the mercy-


seat the high priest made the atonement for Israel; and in the cloud of glory, God met with him. His stay here beyond the accustomed time filled them with fear, lest because of their sins or his own he had been slain by the glory of the Lord." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 352:1.

Question 3
Of what did the sin offering consist, and how was it offered? Lev. 4:27-31.

NOTE --- "In the sin-offerings presented during the year, a substitute had been accepted in the sinner's stead; but the blood of the victim had not made full atonement for the sin. It had only provided a means by which the sin was transferred to the sanctuary. By the offering of blood, the sinner acknowledged the authority of the law, confessed the guilt of his transgression, and expressed his faith in Him who was to take away the sin of the world; but he was not entirely released from the condemnation of the law." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 355, 356.

Question 4

What cleansing service must the high priest perform in the court on the Day of Atonement? Lev. 16:3,4,6.

Question 5

What were the Israelites commanded to do on the Day of Atonement? Num. 29:7; Lev. 23: 28-32.

NOTE --- "Every man was to afflict his soul while the work of atonement was going forward. All business was laid aside, and the whole congregation of Israel spent the day in solemn humiliation before God, with prayer, fasting, and deep searching of heart." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 355:4.

Question 6
By what is remission of sin accomplished? Lev. 17:11; Heb. 9:22,23.

NOTE --- "The cleansing, both in the typical and in the real service, must be accomplished with blood: in the former, with the blood of animals; in the latter, with the blood of Christ. Paul states, as the reason why this cleansing must be performed with blood, that without shedding of blood is no remission. Remission, or putting away of sin, is the work to be accomplished." – The Great Controversy, pages 417, 418,

Question 7
What did the high priest first carry into the divine Presence? Lev. 16:12,13.



NOTE --- "Just as he entered within the second veil, carrying the golden censer filled with coals of fire from the altar before the Lord, and his hand full of incense, he placed the incense upon coals in the censer, that the cloud of fragrant incense might cover him as he passed in before the visible presence of God, as manifested between the cherubim above the mercy seat." – S. N. Haskell, The Cross and Its Shadow, page 210.

Question 8
Where was the blood obtained for the atonement cleansing? Lev. 16:7-9.

NOTE --- "On the day of atonement, two kids of the goats were brought to the door of the tabernacle, and lots were cast upon them, 'one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for the scapegoat.' The goat upon which fell the lot for the Lord was to be slain as a sin-offering for the people." – The Great Controversy, page 419:1.

Question 9
Where did the high priest take the blood of the atonement goat? Lev. 16:15 first part.

Question 10
What did he do with the blood in the most holy place? Lev. 16:14,15.

NOTE --- ". . .the priest was to bring his (the Lord's goat's) blood within the veil, and sprinkle it upon the mercy-seat, and before the mercy-seat. The blood was also to be sprinkled upon the altar of incense, that was before the veil." – The Great Controversy, page 419:1.

"On the day of atonement the high priest, having taken an offering for the congregation, went into the most holy place with the blood, and sprinkled it


upon the mercy-seat, above the tables of the law. Thus the claims of the law, which demanded the life of the sinner, were satisfied." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 356.

Question 11
After cleansing the sanctuary, what did the high priest do? Lev. 16:20,21.

NOTE --- "Then in his character of mediator the priest took the sins upon himself, and leaving the sanctuary, he bore with him the burden of Israel's guilt. At the door of the tabernacle he laid his hands upon the head of the scape-goat, and confessed over him 'all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat.' And as the goat bearing these sins was sent away, they were with him regarded as forever separated from the people." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 356.

Question 12

What did God promise to do for His people on the Day of Atonement? Lev. 16:30; Isa. 43:25; 44:22.

NOTE --- "As in the final atonement the sins of the truly penitent are to be blotted from the records of heaven, no more to be remembered or come into mind, so in the type they were borne away into the wilderness, forever separated from the congregation." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 358:1.


Remember that you cannot read hearts. You do not know the motives which prompted the actions that to you look wrong. There are many who have not received a right education; their characters are warped, they are hard and gnarled, and seem to be crooked in every way. But the grace of Christ can transform them. Never cast them aside, never drive them to discouragement or despair. – The Ministry of Healing, p. 494.


Lesson 4


Memory Gem

"The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." – John 1:29.


"When at the baptism of Jesus, John pointed to Him as the Lamb of God, a new light was shed upon the Messiah's work. The prophet's mind was directed to the words of Isaiah, 'He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter.' Isaiah 53:7. During the weeks that followed, John with new interest studied the prophecies and the teaching of the sacrificial service. He did not distinguish clearly the two phases of Christ's work, – as a suffering sacrifice and a conquering king, – but he saw that His coming had a deeper significance than priests or people had discerned." – The Desire of Ages, pages 136,137.

Question 1

What animal was commonly offered as a sacrifice in the services of the sanctuary? Num. 28:3,4; Lev. 4:32; 5:6.

Question 2

How did John the Baptist introduce the Messiah to his audience on the banks of the Jordan? John 1:29,36.

NOTE --- "John had been deeply moved as he saw Jesus bowed as a suppliant, pleading with tears for the approval of the Father. As the glory of God encircled Him, and the voice from heaven was heard, John recognized the token which God had promised. He knew that it was the world's Redeemer whom he had baptized. The Holy Spirit rested upon him, and with out-stretched hand pointing to Jesus, he cried, 'Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.' None among the hearers, and not even the speaker himself, discerned the import of these words, 'the Lamb of God.'" – The Desire of Ages, page 112:4, 5.

Question 3

After His resurrection, what point in Old Testament prophecies of the messiah did Jesus emphasize? Luke 24:13-15, 25-27.


NOTE --- "Beginning at Moses, the very Alpha of Bible history, Christ expounded in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself. Had He first made Himself known to them, their hearts would have been satisfied. In the fullness of their joy they would have hungered for nothing more. But it was necessary for them to understand the witness borne to Him by the types and prophecies of the Old Testament. Upon these their faith must be established. Christ performed no miracle to convince them, but it was His first work to explain the Scriptures. They had looked upon His death as the destruction of all their hopes. Now He showed from the prophets that this was the very strongest evidence for their faith. In teaching these disciples, Jesus showed the importance of the Old Testament as a witness to His mission. Many professed Christians now discard the Old Testament, claiming that it is no longer of any use. But such is not Christ's teaching. So highly did He value it that at one time He said, 'If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.' Luke 16:31. It is the voice of Christ that speaks through patriarchs and prophets, from the days of Adam even to the closing scenes of time. The Saviour is revealed in the Old Testament as clearly as in the New. It is the light from the prophetic past that brings out the life of Christ and the teachings of the New Testament with clearness and beauty. The miracles of Christ are a proof of His divinity; but a stronger proof that He is the world's Redeemer is found in comparing the prophecies of the Old Testament with the history of the New." – The Desire of Ages, pages 796-799.

Question 4

What Old Testament prophecy was used by Philip to teach the mission of the Messiah? Acts 8:30-35.

Question 5

In the book of Revelation, under what symbol is the messiah frequently presented? Rev. 5:5-9; 17:14; 19:7.

NOTE --- "The Saviour is presented before John under the symbols of the 'lion of the tribe of Judah,' and of a 'Lamb as it had been slain.' These symbols represent the union of omnipotent power and self-sacrificing love. The Lion of Judah, so terrible to the rejectors of His grace, will be the Lamb of God to the obedient and faithful." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 589:2.

"The uplifted Saviour is to appear in His efficacious work as the Lamb slain, sitting upon the throne, to dispense the priceless covenant blessings, the benefits He died to purchase for every soul who should believe on Him." – Testimonies to Ministers, page 92:1.


Question 6
Why did the Messiah come into the world? 1 Tim. 1:15; John 3:16.

Question 7

Through what experience did the Messiah pass, in carrying out His purpose toward sinful men? Rom. 5:6-8.

NOTE --- "Upon Christ as our substitute and surety was laid the iniquity of us all. He was counted a transgressor, that He might redeem us from the condemnation of the law. The guilt of every descendant of Adam was pressing upon His heart. The wrath of God against sin, the terrible manifestation of His displeasure because of iniquity, filled the soul of His Son with consternation. Christ felt the anguish which the sinner will feel when mercy shall no longer plead for the guilty race. It was the sense of sin, bringing the Father's wrath upon Him as man's substitute, that made the cup He drank so bitter, and broke the heart of the Son of God." – The Desire of Ages, page 753:1, 2.

"Christ laid down His life, shed His blood, suffered the death penalty for the sinner, and became the sin bearer for every repenting, believing soul. We see sin fully punished in the Substitute, and the sinner fully saved through His merit." – Signs of the Times, Jan. 2, 1896.

"Christ laid aside His royal robes, and garbed Himself with humanity, and offered sacrifice, Himself the priest, Himself the victim." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 33:3.

Question 8

In contrast to the many offerings connected with the typical sanctuary service, how many times was it necessary for the Messiah to offer Himself? Heb. 9:28.

NOTE --- "Christ's sacrifice in behalf of man was full and complete. The condition of the atonement (not the atonement itself) had been fulfilled. The work for which He had come to this world had been accomplished." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 29:2.

"The smitten rock (in the wilderness) was a figure of Christ, and through this symbol the most precious spiritual truths are taught .... As the rock had been once smitten, so Christ was to be 'once offered to bear the sins of many.' Our Saviour was not to be sacrificed a second time. . ." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 411:3.

Question 9

Through what do the saints gain the victory over the evil one and what is it able to do for them? Rev. 12:10,11; Heb. 9:14; Rev. 7: 14; 1 John 1:7.


NOTE --- "There is but one power that can break the hold of evil from the hearts of men, and that is the power of God in Jesus Christ. Only through the blood of the Crucified One is there cleansing from sins. His grace alone can enable us to resist and subdue the tendencies of our fallen nature." – Testimonies, Vol. 8, page 291:3.

Question 10

What did sin do to man, and what change is made now as a result of the death of the Messiah? Rom. 5:10.

NOTE --- "It is the work of conversion and sanctification to reconcile men to God by bringing them into accord with the principles of His law. In the beginning, man was created in the image of God .... the principles of righteousness were written upon his heart. But sin alienated him from his Maker. He no longer reflected the divine image. His heart was at war with the principles of God's law . . . . But 'God so loved the world, that He gave His only-begotten Son,' that man might be reconciled to God. Through the merits of Christ he can be restored to harmony with his Maker." – The Great Controversy, page 467:2.

Question 11

The ceremonial law was shown to be still binding at and after the crucifixion by what events?

ANSWER --- "We find that Jesus fulfilled the ceremonial law when He was offered as the wavesheaf on the cross on earth on the second day of the Passover week. (P.P. 539). After His resurrection on Sunday morning, He continued to fulfill the ceremonial law when He offered the wavesheaf in the courts above. D.A. 785-786. '. . . on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.' Lev. 23:11. If the ceremonial law was abolished on the cross, how was it that Jesus offered the wave sheaf in heaven two days after the cross." – God's Covenant, page 3.

Question 12
What is Inspiration's command regarding the Messiah, our Sacrifice? 1 Cor. 5:7,8.

NOTE --- "'But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. And he sailed from Ephesus.' Acts 18:21. 'And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came unto them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days.' Acts 20:6. 'At Philippi Paul tarried to keep the Passover. Only Luke remained with him, the other members of the


company passing on to Troas to await him there. The Philippians were the most loving and true-hearted of the apostle's converts, and during the eight days of the feast he enjoyed peaceful and happy communion with them.' A.A. 390:4, 391:0. Here we see that Paul not only kept the seventh-day Sabbath feast, but also the Passover. We find that he observed all the other feasts as well. He kept all the law. Therefore, Inspiration demands that God's elect restore this all-important and fundamental teaching which God's Church lost when the man of sin substituted pagan feasts in place of the true." – God's Holy Feasts, page 5.


Lesson 5


Memory Gem

"For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us." – Hebrews 9:24.


"When the loud cry, 'It is finished,' came from the lips of Christ, the priests were officiating in the temple. It was the hour of the evening sacrifice. The lamb representing Christ had been brought to be slain. Clothed in his significant and beautiful dress, the priest stood with lifted knife, as did Abraham when he was about to slay his son. With intense interest the people were looking on. But the earth trembles and quakes; for the Lord Himself draws near. With a rending noise the inner veil of the temple is torn from top to bottom by an unseen hand, throwing open to the gaze of the multitude a place once filled with the presence of God. In this place the Shekinah had dwelt. Here God had manifested His glory above the mercy seat. No one but the high priest ever lifted the veil separating this apartment from the rest of the temple. He entered in once a year to make an atonement for the sins of the people. But, lo, this veil is rent in twain. The most holy place of the earthly sanctuary is no longer sacred. All is terror and confusion. The priest is about to slay the victim; but the knife drops from his nerveless hand, and the lamb escapes." – The Desire of Ages, pages 756,757.


Question 1

What prediction did the prophet Daniel make regarding the destruction of the sanctuary? Dan. 9:25,26.

Question 2

Because of His rejection by the scribes and Pharisees, what did Jesus say about their house of worship? Matt. 23:37,38.

NOTE --- "The second temple was not honored with the cloud of Jehovah's glory, but with the living presence of One in whom dwelt the fullness of the Godhead bodily .... In the presence of Christ, and in this only, did the second temple exceed the first in glory. But Israel had put from her the proffered Gift of heaven. With the humble Teacher who had that day passed out from its golden gate, the glory had forever departed from the temple." – The Great Controversy, page 24:2.

Question 3

What took place within the temple at the time Jesus died upon the cross? Matt.27:50, 51; See Introduction.

NOTE --- "The darkness was again lifted from Calvary, and hung like a pall over Jerusalem. At the moment in which Christ died, there were priests ministering in the temple before the veil which separated the holy from the most holy place. Suddenly they felt the earth tremble beneath them, and the veil of the temple, a strong, rich drapery that had been renewed yearly, was rent in twain from top to bottom by the same bloodless hand that wrote the words of doom upon the walls of Belshazzar's palace. The most holy place that had been sacredly entered by human feet only once a year, was revealed to the common gaze. God had ever before protected His temple in a wonderful manner; but now its sacred mysteries were exposed to curious eyes. No longer would the presence of God overshadow the earthly mercy-seat. No longer would the light of His glory flash forth upon, nor the cloud of His disapproval shadow, the precious stones in the breastplate of the high priest." – Spirit of Prophecy, Vol. 3, pages 166, 167.

Question 4

What specific prediction of the destruction of the temple was made by Christ Himself? Matt. 24:1,2.

NOTE --- "All the predictions given by Christ concerning the destruction of Jerusalem were fulfilled to the letter. The Jews experienced the truth


of His words of warning: 'With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.' Matthew 7:2." – The Great Controversy, page 29:2.

"After the destruction of the temple, the whole city soon fell into the hands of the Romans .... Both the city and the temple were razed to their foundations, and the ground upon which the holy house had stood was 'plowed like a field.'" – The Great Controversy, page 35:1.

Question 5

After the earthly sanctuary service ceased, what took place in heaven? Heb. 9:8,11; 8: 1-4.

NOTE --- "Here is revealed the sanctuary of the new covenant. The sanctuary of the first covenant was pitched by man, built by Moses; this is pitched by the Lord, not by man. In that sanctuary the earthly priests performed their service; in this, Christ, our great High Priest, ministers at God's right hand. One sanctuary was on earth, the other is in heaven . . . Paul says that the first tabernacle 'was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices;' that its holy places were 'patterns of things in the heavens;' that the priests who offered gifts according to the law served 'unto the example and shadow of heavenly things,' and that 'Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us.' Hebrews 9:9, 23; 8:5; 9:24. The sanctuary in heaven, in which Jesus ministers in our behalf, is the great original, of which the sanctuary built by Moses was a copy." – The Great Controversy, pages 413, 414.

"The entire system – priest, sacrifice, and service – was a type of Christ and His administration in the heavenly sanctuary, which the Lord pitched and not man .... The holy place was for the confession of sin, but the most holy for blotting out sin. While the services in the earthly sanctuary were in operation, there could have been no services in the heavenly until after Christ ascended and became our High Priest .... Therefore, when the services in the heavenly began, the services in the earthly ceased." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, page 187:2, 3.

Question 6

What offering was made by the Priest of this "greater and more perfect tabernacle"? Heb. 9:11,12, 22-28.

NOTE --- "Type has met antitype in the death of God's Son. The great sacrifice has been made. The way into the holiest is laid open. A new and living way is prepared for all. No longer need sinful, sorrowing humanity await the coming of the high priest. Henceforth the Saviour was to officiate as priest and advocate in the heaven of heavens. It was as if a living voice had spoken to the worshipers: There is now an end to all sacrifices and offerings for sin.


The Son of God is come according to His word, 'Lo, I come (in the volume of the Book it is written of Me,) to do Thy will, O God.' 'By His own blood' He entereth 'in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.' Heb. 10:7; 9:12." – The Desire of Ages, page 757:1. (Parenthesis belong.)

Question 7

How does Paul describe the transition from the offering of animal sacrifices to the acceptance of the "once for all" sacrifice of the body of Christ? Heb. 10:1-14.

Question 8

What makes it possible for new-covenant worshipers to enter with boldness the heavenly sanctuary? Heb. 10:19,20,22.

NOTE --- "As anciently the sins of the people were by faith placed upon the sin offering and through its blood transferred, in figure, to the earthly sanctuary, so in the new covenant the sins of the repentant are by faith placed upon Christ and transferred, in fact, to the heavenly sanctuary." – The Great Controversy, page 421:3.

"Our Saviour was not to be sacrificed a second time; and it is only necessary for those who seek the blessings of his grace to ask in the name of Jesus, pouring forth the heart's desire in penitential prayer. Such prayer will bring before the Lord of hosts the wounds of Jesus. . . " – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 411:3.




Lesson 6


Memory Gem

"Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them." – Hebrews 7:25.


"Jehovah did not deem the plan of salvation complete while invested only with His love. He has placed at His altar an Advocate clothed in our nature. As our Intercessor, Christ's office work is to introduce us to God as His sons and daughters. He intercedes in behalf of those who receive Him. With His own blood He has paid their ransom. By virtue of His merits He gives them power to become members of the royal family, children of the heavenly King. And the Father demonstrates His infinite love for Christ by receiving and welcoming Christ's friends as His friends. He is satisfied with the atonement made. He is glorified by the incarnation, the life, death, and mediation of His Son. In Christ's name our petitions ascend to the Father. He intercedes in our behalf, and the Father lays open all the treasures of His grace for our appropriation .... Christ is the connecting link between God and man. He has promised His personal intercession. He places the whole virtue of His righteousness on the side of the suppliant. He pleads for man, and man, in need of divine help, pleads for himself in the presence of God, using the influence of the One who gave His life for the life of the world. As we acknowledge before God our appreciation for Christ's merits, fragrance is given to our intercessions. As we approach God through the virtue of the Redeemer's merits, Christ places us close by His side, encircling us with His human arm, while with His divine arm He grasps the throne of the Infinite." – Testimonies, Vol. 8, pages 177,178.

Question 1

In the book of Hebrews, who is presented as the High Priest of the Christian church? Heb. 3:1.

NOTE --- "Christ is the Minister of the true tabernacle, the High Priest


of all who believe in Him as a personal Saviour; and His office no other can take. He is the High Priest of the church, and He has a work to do which no other can perform." – Signs of the Times, Feb. 14, 1900.

Question 2
In order to qualify as a priest of what did Christ partake? Heb. 2:14-18; 4:14,15.

NOTE --- "Jesus was in all things made like unto His brethren. He became flesh, even as we are. He was hungry and thirsty and weary. He was sustained by food and refreshed by sleep. He shared the lot of man; yet He was the blameless Son of God." – The Desire of Ages, page 311:4.

"The humanity of the Son of God is everything to us. It is the golden chain that binds our souls to Christ, and through Christ to God .... Christ was a real man; He gave proof of His humility in becoming a man. Yet He was God in the flesh." – The Youth's Instructor, Oct. 13, 1898.

"Be careful, exceedingly careful as to how you dwell upon the human nature of Christ. Do not set Him before the people as a man with propensities of sin." – Ellen G. White. S.D.A. Bible Commentary, Vol. 5, page 1128.

"Would that we could comprehend the significance of the words, 'Christ suffered, being tempted.' While He was free from the taint of sin, the refined sensibilities of His holy nature rendered contact with evil unspeakably painful to Him. Yet with human nature upon Him, He met the arch-apostate face to face, and singlehanded withstood the foe of His throne. Not even by a thought could Christ be brought to yield to the power of temptation." – Review and Herald, Nov. 8, 1887.

Question 3

What human limitation restricted the service of the earthly priests and how is Christ's priestly ministry contrasted to this? Heb. 7:23-25.

NOTE --- "The earthly priests were removed by death, therefore they could not continue long; but Jesus, I saw, was a priest forever. Through the sacrifices and offerings brought to the earthly Sanctuary, the children of Israel were to lay hold of the merits of a Saviour to come. And in the wisdom of God the particulars of this work were given us that we might look back to them, and understand the work of Jesus." – Spiritual Gifts, Vol. 1, page 161.

Question 4

What other characteristic, peculiar to Christ, makes His work for us efficacious? Heb. 7:26,27.


NOTE --- "Amid impurity, Christ maintained His purity. Satan could not stain or corrupt it. His character revealed a perfect hatred for sin. It was His holiness that stirred against Him all the passion of a profligate world; for by His perfect life He threw upon the world a perpetual reproach, and made manifest the contrast between transgression and the pure, spotless righteousness of One that knew no sin." – Ellen G. White, S.D.A. Bible Commentary, Vol. 5, page 1142.

Question 5

As antitype of the earthly priests, where did Christ enter upon His priestly ministry? Heb. 8:1,2; 4:14; 9:24.

NOTE --- "The intercession of Christ in man's behalf in the sanctuary above is as essential to the plan of salvation as was His death upon the cross. By His death He began that work which after His resurrection He ascended to complete in heaven." – The Signs of the Times, Jan. 11, 1910.

Question 6

In common with earthly priests, what was it necessary for Christ to do? What is it that Christ presents? Heb. 8:3; 9:11,12.

NOTE --- "As in the typical service the high priest laid aside his pontifical robes, and officiated in the white linen dress of an ordinary priest; so Christ laid aside His royal robes, and garbed Himself with humanity, and offered sacrifice, Himself the priest, Himself the victim." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 33:3.

"The work of Christ in the sanctuary above, presenting His own blood each moment before the mercy-seat, as He makes intercession for us, should have its full impression upon the heart, that we may realize the worth of each moment." – Testimonies on Sabbath School Work, page 86:1.

Question 7
In what other respect is Christ's sacrifice different than the type? Heb. 10:11,12.

NOTE --- "Type met antitype in the death of Christ, the Lamb slain for the sins of the world. Our great High Priest has made the only sacrifice that is of any value in our salvation. When He offered Himself on the cross, a perfect atonement was made for the sins of the people." – The Signs of the Times, June 28, 1899.

Question 8
What does the blood of Christ do for the believer? Heb. 9:14.

NOTE --- "By pledging His own life, Christ has made Himself responsible


for every man and woman on the earth. He stands in the presence of God, saying, Father, I take upon Myself the guilt of that soul. It means death to him, if he is left to bear it. If he repents, he shall be forgiven. My blood shall cleanse him from all sin. I gave My life for the sins of the world. If the transgressor of God's law will see in Christ his atoning sacrifice, if he will believe in Him who can cleanse from all unrighteousness, Christ will not have died for him in vain." – Review and Herald, Feb. 27, 1900.

Question 9

Does Christ offer His real, literal blood in the sanctuary in heaven, or is it only a figurative gesture pointing back to the blood spilt at Calvary? Heb. 9:11-26.

NOTE --- "In Hebrews 9 the cleansing of both the earthly and the heavenly sanctuary is plainly taught. 'Almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and WITHOUT SHEDDING OF BLOOD IS NO REMISSION. It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these [the blood of animals]; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.'. . . EVEN THE PRECIOUS BLOOD OF CHRIST." – The Great Controversy, page 417:2. [Brackets belong to quote.]

"As anciently the sins of the people were by faith placed upon the sin offering and through its blood transferred, in figure, to the earthly sanctuary, so in the NEW COVENANT the sins of the repentant are by faith placed upon Christ and transferred, IN FACT, to the heavenly sanctuary." – The Great Controversy, page 421:3.

"And what was done in TYPE in the ministration of the earthly sanctuary is done in REALITY in the ministration of the heavenly sanctuary." – The Great Controversy, page 420:2.

"The wonderful symbol of the living bird dipped in the blood of the bird slain and then set free to its joyous life (Lev. 14:4-8), is to us the symbol of the atonement. There was death and life blended, presenting to the searcher for truth and hidden treasure, the union of the pardoning blood with the resurrection and life of our Redeemer. The bird slain was over living water; that flowing stream was a symbol of the ever flowing, ever cleansing efficacy of the blood of Christ, the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world . . . . We are to have free access to the atoning blood of Christ. This we must regard as the most precious privilege, the greatest blessing, ever granted to sinful man." – Sons and Daughters of God, page 226:2, 3.

"Jesus stands before the Father, CONTINUALLY OFFERING A SACRIFICE for the sins of the world . . . . BECAUSE OF THE CONTINUAL COMMISSION OF SIN, the atoning sacrifice of a heavenly mediator is essential. Jesus, our great High


Priest, officiates for us in the presence of God, offering in our behalf His shed blood." – The Youth's Instructor, April 16, 1903.

"The efficacy of the blood of Christ was to be presented to the people with freshness and power, that their faith might lay hold upon its merits. As the high priest sprinkled the WARM BLOOD upon the mercy seat, while the fragrant cloud of incense ascended before God, so while we confess our sins, and plead the efficacy of Christ's atoning blood, our prayers are to ascend to heaven, fragrant with the merits of our Saviour's character. Notwithstanding our unworthiness, we are ever to bear in mind that there is One that can take away sin, and save the sinner. Every sin acknowledged before God with a contrite heart, He will remove. This faith is the life of the Church." – Testimonies to Ministers, pages 92, 93.

"The Redeemer, with a heart of unalterable love, STILL SHEDS HIS SACRED BLOOD in the sinner's behalf. The wounded hands, the pierced side, the marred feet, plead eloquently for fallen man, whose redemption is purchased at so great a cost. O, matchless condescension!" – Review and Herald, Jan. 9, 1883.

"The smitten rock was a figure of Christ, and through this symbol the most precious spiritual truths are taught. As the life-giving waters flowed from the smitten rock, so from Christ, 'smitten of God, '. . . the stream of salvation flows for a lost race. As the rock had been once smitten, so Christ was to be 'once offered to bear the sins of many. ' Our Saviour was not to be sacrificed a second time; and it is only necessary for those who seek the blessings of his grace to ask in the name of Jesus, pouring forth the heart's desire in penitential prayer. Such prayer will bring before the Lord of hosts the wounds of Jesus, and then will FLOW FORTH AFRESH THE LIFE-GIVING BLOOD, symbolized by the flowing of the living water for Israel." – Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 411:3.

Question 10

Since Jesus declared that He came not to "destroy the law" "but to fulfill" (carry out), what law is He carrying out as our High Priest today? Deut. 31:24-26; 6:1,17, 20-25.

NOTE --- "We know the ceremonial law was instituted long before Sinai, since Abel offered the sacrificial lamb shortly after Adam's fall. The law was prepared in the beginning and waiting; hence the sacrificial phase of it went into effect as soon as sin entered. This phase of the ceremonial law was nailed to the cross when the 'lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.' John 1:29, gave His life on Calvary. However, the ceremonial law was not abolished as we will see; but rather only the part that was against us was taken out of the way and changed to another system and phase. See


Col. 2:14; Heb. 9:10. 'For the priest-hood being changed, there is made of a necessity a change also of the law.' Heb. 7:12. . . . When Messiah dedicated the apostles to the priesthood, He washed their feet. See John 13:4-10. Here Jesus was fulfilling the ceremonial law; but he didn't do away with it by nailing it to the cross; for He said 'If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.' John 13:14. Here we see type fulfilled in antitype, and the ceremonial law was not abolished but fulfilled. Today the entire church is to be consecrated as priests by fulfilling the rite of footwashing, the symbol of cleansing." – God's Covenant, page 3.

Question 11

What law did Paul use to show the Gentiles, and especially the Jews, the ministry and priesthood of Christ? Acts 28:17,23,24.

NOTE --- "Christ gave to Moses religious precepts which were to govern everyday life. These statutes were explicitly given to guard the ten commandments. They were not shadowy types to pass away with the death of Christ. They were to be binding upon men in every age as long as time should last." – Signs of the Times, April 15, 1875.

"The instructions given to Moses for ancient Israel, with their sharp, rigid outlines, are to be studied and obeyed by the people of God today." – E.G. White, Letter 259, 1903.

"We are to become familiar with the Levitical law in all its bearings; for it contains rules that must be obeyed; it contains the instructions that if studied will enable us to understand better the rule of faith and practice that we are to follow in our dealings with one another." – E.G. White, Letter 3, 1905.

"The gospel is given in precept in Leviticus." – Testimonies, Vol. 6, p. 392.


Between the laws of men and the precepts of Jehovah will come the last great conflict of the controversy between truth and error. Upon this battle we are now entering, – a battle not between rival churches contending for the supremacy, but between the religion of the Bible and the religions of fable and tradition. – Prophets and Kings, p. 625:2.


Lesson 7


Memory Gem

"And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." – Daniel 8:14.


"To William Miller and his collaborators it was given to preach the warning in America .... The testimony of the prophecies which seemed to point to the coming of Christ in... 1844 took deep hold of the minds of the people. As the message went from state to state, there was everywhere awakened widespread interest. Many were convinced that the arguments from the prophetic periods were correct, and, sacrificing their pride of opinion, they joyfully received the truth. Some ministers laid aside their sectarian views and feelings, left their salaries and their churches, and united in proclaiming the coming of Jesus. There were comparatively few ministers, however, who would accept this message; therefore it was largely committed to humble laymen .... Though opposed by Satan, the work went steadily forward, and the advent truth was accepted by many thousands." – The Great Controversy, page 368:1,2.

Question 1
Where do we find Miller's message in prophecy? Rev. 14:6-8.

NOTE --- "To William Miller and his collaborators it was given to preach the warning in America. This country became the center of the great advent movement. It was here that the prophecy of the first angel's message had its most direct fulfillment." – The Great Controversy, page 368:1.

Question 2

What message was given to Daniel concerning the cleansing of the sanctuary? Dan. 8:13, 14,17.

Question 3

As Daniel prayed for the restoration of the sanctuary in Jerusalem, who was sent to give him understanding of the vision? Dan 9:17, 20-23.


NOTE --- "The angel had been sent to Daniel for the express purpose of explaining to him the point which he had failed to understand in the vision of the eighth chapter, the statement relative to time – 'unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.'" – The Great Controversy, page 326:2.

Question 4

What specific prophetic period did the angel mention, and upon whom was it determined? Dan. 9:24.

NOTE --- "After bidding Daniel 'understand the matter, and consider the vision,' the very first words of the angel are: 'Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy Holy City.' The words here translated 'determined' literally signifies 'cut off.' Seventy weeks, representing 490 years, are declared by the angel to be cut off, as specially pertaining to the Jews. But from what are they cut off? As the 2300 days was the only period of time mentioned in chapter 8, it must be the period from which the seventy weeks were cut off; the seventy weeks must therefore be a part of the 2300 days, and the two periods must begin together." – The Great Controversy, page 326:2.

Question 5

What clue was given to William Miller as he studied this prophecy and as a result what was obvious? Eze. 4:6; Num. 14:34.

NOTE --- "Following his rule of making Scripture its own interpreter, Miller learned that a day in symbolic prophecy represents a year (Numbers 14:34; Ezekiel 4:6); he saw that the period of 2300 prophetic days, or literal years, would extend far beyond the close of the Jewish dispensation, hence it could not refer to the sanctuary of that dispensation." – The Great Controversy, page 324:3. (Parenthesis belong to quotation.)

"From Daniel 7 it was seen that the throne of judgment or of cleansing was not to be set up until sometime after the little-horn power came into existence, . . . From. . , Daniel 8:11,12, and Daniel 11:31, the reader will observe that both scriptures are speaking of the same power. And Christ, predicting the signs of the end of the world (Matt 24:15, 16). . . place(s) the work of this power in the future from His time . . . . Still further, the angel instructed Daniel that at the time of the end shall be the vision . . . . These two facts carry sweeping proof that the 2300-day period could not terminate until, following Christ's time, the daily be cast out and the abomination set up: for both of these events were to take place within the 2300 days. . . the polluting of the holy place, the terminating of the 2300 days, and the cleansing of the sanctuary (therefore) could not have taken place before Christ's time." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 24-26.

Question 6
What marked the beginning of the seventy weeks? Dan. 9:25 first part.


NOTE --- "A starting-point for this period is given, . . .The commandment to restore and build Jerusalem, as completed by the decree of Artaxerxes Longimanus, went into effect in the autumn of 457 B.C. See Ezra 6:14; 7:1, 9." – Prophets and Kings, pages 698, 699.

"These three kings [Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes], in originating, reaffirming, and completing the decree, brought it to the perfection required by the prophecy to mark the beginning of the 2300 years." – The Great Controversy, pages 326, 327.

Question 7

Who was to appear at the end of the first sixty-nine of the seventy weeks? Dan, 9:25 last part.

NOTE --- "'From the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks' – namely, sixty-nine weeks, or 483 years. The decree of Artaxerxes went into effect in the autumn of 457 B.C. From this date, 483 years extend to the autumn of A.D. 27. . . . At that time this prophecy was fulfilled." – The Great Controversy, page 327:1.

"According to the prophecy, this period was to reach to the Messiah, the Anointed One. In A.D. 27, Jesus at His baptism received the anointing of the Holy Spirit and soon afterward began His ministry. Then the message was proclaimed, 'The time is fulfilled.'" – Prophets and Kings, page 699:0.

Question 8

What was to take place in the midst of the week, and what was to happen to the city and the sanctuary? Dan. 9:26,27.

NOTE --- "'In the midst of the week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.' In A.D. 31, three and a half years after His baptism, our Lord was crucified. With the great sacrifice offered upon Calvary, ended that system of offerings which for four thousand years had pointed forward to the Lamb of God. Type had met antitype, and all the SACRIFICES and OBLATIONS of the ceremonial system were there to cease." – The Great Controversy, pages 327, 328.

"In vain were the efforts of Titus to save the temple; One greater than he had declared that not one stone was to be left upon another. The blind obstinacy of the Jewish leaders, and the detestable crimes perpetrated within the besieged city, excited the horror and indignation of the Romans, and Titus at last decided to take the temple by storm. He determined, however, that if possible


it should be saved from destruction. But his commands were disregarded." – The Great Controversy, page 33:0, 1.

"After the destruction of the temple, the whole city soon fell into the hands of the Romans. The leaders of the Jews forsook their impregnable towers, and Titus found them solitary. He gazed upon them with amazement, and declared that God had given them into his hands; for no engines, however powerful, could have prevailed against those stupendous battlements. Both the city and the temple were razed to their foundations, and the ground upon which the holy house had stood was 'plowed like a field.' Jeremiah 26:18." – The Great Controversy, page 35:1.

Question 9

What important discovery enabled William Miller, in his study of this prophecy, to establish the exact date for the cleansing of the sanctuary?

2300 Days

NOTE --- "That which led to this movement was the discovery that the decree of Artaxerxes for the restoration of Jerusalem, which formed the starting point for the period of the 2300 days, went into effect in the autumn of the year 457 B.C., and not at the beginning of the year, as had been formerly believed. Reckoning from the autumn of 457, the 2300 years terminate in the autumn of 1844. Arguments drawn from the Old Testament types also pointed to the autumn as the time when the event represented by the 'cleansing of the sanctuary' must take place. This was made very clear as attention was given to the manner in which the types relating to the first advent of Christ had been fulfilled .... These types were fulfilled, not only as to the event, but as to the time . . . . In like manner the types which relate to the second advent must


be fulfilled at the time pointed out in the symbolic service (Levitical or Ceremonial Law). Under the Mosaic system the cleansing of the sanctuary, or the great Day of Atonement, occurred on the tenth day of the seventh Jewish month . . . . when the high priest, having made an atonement for all Israel, and thus removed their sins from the sanctuary, came forth and blessed the people. So it was believed that Christ, our great High Priest, would appear to purify the earth by the destruction of sin and sinners, and to bless His waiting people with immortality. The tenth day of the seventh month, the great Day of Atonement, the time of the cleansing of the sanctuary, which in the year 1844 fell upon the twenty-second of October, was regarded as the time of the Lord's coming. This was in harmony with the proofs already presented that the 2300 days would terminate in the autumn, and the conclusion seemed irresistible." – The Great Controversy, pages 398-400.

Question 10

What did William Miller fail to understand concerning the sanctuary? Heb. 8:1,2; 9:1, 9-12.

NOTE --- "The question, What is the sanctuary? is clearly answered in the Scriptures. The term 'sanctuary,' as used in the Bible, refers, first, to the tabernacle built by Moses, as a pattern of heavenly things; and, secondly, to the 'true tabernacle' in heaven, to which the earthly sanctuary pointed. At the death of Christ the typical service ended. The 'true tabernacle' in heaven is the sanctuary of the new covenant. And as the prophecy of Daniel 8:14 is fulfilled in this dispensation, the sanctuary to which it refers must be the sanctuary of the new covenant. At the termination of the 2300 days, in 1844, there had been no sanctuary on earth for many centuries. Thus the prophecy, 'Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed,' unquestionably points to the sanctuary in heaven." – The Great Controversy, page 417:1.

"In their investigation they learned that there is no Scripture evidence sustaining the popular view that the earth is the sanctuary; but they found in the Bible a full explanation of the subject of the sanctuary, its nature, location, and services." – The Great Controversy, page 411:1.

Question 11
Why was it necessary for the Heavenly Sanctuary to be cleansed? Heb. 9:23,24.

NOTE --- "The blood of Christ, while it was to release the repentant sinner from the condemnation of the law, was not to cancel the sin; it would stand on record in the sanctuary until the final atonement; so in the type the blood of the sin-offering removed the sin from the penitent, but it rested in the sanctuary until the Day of Atonement. In the great day of final award, the dead are to be 'judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.' Revelation 20:12. Then by virtue of the atoning blood


of Christ, the sins of all the truly penitent will be blotted from the books of heaven. Thus the sanctuary will be freed, or cleansed, from the record of sin." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 357, 358.

"As anciently the sins of the people were by faith placed upon the sin offering and through its blood transferred, in figure, to the earthly sanctuary, so in the new covenant the sins of the repentant are by faith placed upon Christ and transferred, in fact, to the heavenly sanctuary. And as the typical cleansing of the earthly was accomplished by the removal of the sins by which it had been polluted, so the actual cleansing of the heavenly is to be accomplished by the removal, or blotting out, of the sins which are there recorded. But before this can be accomplished, there must be an examination of the books of record to determine who, through repentance of sin and faith in Christ, are entitled to the benefits of His atonement. The cleansing of the sanctuary therefore involves a work of investigation – a work of judgment. This work must be performed prior to the coming of Christ to redeem His people; for when He comes, His reward is with Him to give to every man according to his works. Revelation 22:12." – The Great Controversy, pages 421, 422.

Question 12
How does John the Revelator describe the disappointment of Miller? Rev. 10:9,10.

NOTE --- "God designed to prove His people. His hand covered a mistake in the reckoning of the prophetic periods . . . . The time of expectation passed, and Christ did not appear . . . . Yet the purposes of God were being accomplished: He was testing the hearts of those who professed to be waiting for His appearing." – The Great Controversy, pages 373, 374.

Question 13
What does God declare regarding William Miller?

ANSWER --- ". . . angels watch the precious dust of this servant of God, and he will come forth at the sound of the last trump." – Early Writings, page 258:2.


The subject of the sanctuary was the key which unlocked the mystery of the disappointment of 1844. It opened to view a complete system of truth, connected and harmonious, showing that God's hand had directed the great Advent Movement, and revealing present duty as it brought to light the position and work of His people... Light from the sanctuary illumined the past, the present, and the future. – The Great Controversy, p.243.


A Plea for Reapers...

Seest thou the 'clock of time'–

Its hands now past eleven?

The hour of twelve is drawing nigh'

Then – time no more is given.

   Seest thou the harvest fields –

   The stalks of grain now whitening?

   In the darkened skies the thunder rolls

   Amid the flash of lightning.

Look again! The Lord of Harvest stands–

His head now bowed in reckoning.

The stain of tears is on His Face;

His hand to you is beckoning.

   Wilt thou take time for pleasures now?

   Wilt thou take time for sleeping?

   One short hour for you is left–

   One short hour for reaping.

Hearest thou those pleading cries?

The souls of men are calling.

At thy feet the sickle lies;

About you grain is falling.

   Work awaits in yonder fields.

   There's work for you, O reaper!

   Thrust in thy sickle and reap the grain;

   The call of souls grows deeper.



The Marking and the Sealing


Lesson 8


Memory Gem

"...the time of the dead (came), that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great..." – Revelation 11:18.


"Both the prophecy of Daniel 8:14, 'Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed,' and the first angel's message, 'Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgment is come,' pointed to Christ's ministration in the most holy place, to the investigative judgment..." – The Great Controversy, page 424:1.

Question 1

How were both Daniel and John shown the judgment work in the heavenly sanctuary? Dan. 7:9,10,13; Rev. 4:1-11; 5:1-9.

NOTE --- "Thus was presented to the prophet's vision the great and solemn day when the characters and the lives of men should pass in review before the judge of all the earth, and to every man should be rendered 'according to his works.' The Ancient of Days is God the Father . . . . It is He, the source of all being, and the foundation of all law, that is to preside in the judgment. And holy angels as ministers and witnesses, in number 'ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands,' attend this great tribunal." – The Great Controversy, page 479:2.

"The arrangement and the scene, as described by John, proves that it is the judgment in session; for it is held in the 'Holy of Holies' – typified by the earthly sanctuary and its service . . . . There we behold the Great Judge (God the Father), the Advocate (the Lamb – Jesus Christ the righteous), a jury (the twenty-four elders – clothed with the righteousness of Christ – white robes); a representation of those who are to be judged (the four beasts); the light and truth which they have kept (the seven lamps); the reward which is to be granted to those who are judged (sea of glass); and the book containing the names of all the righteous . . . . Because the book contains the names of all who are


sealed with the seal of God (His truth) it is called the book of seals, also the Lamb's book of life." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, p. 199:2. (Paren. theirs)

Question 2
What records were introduced into the judgment? Dan. 7:10; Rev. 20:12.

Question 3

What is written in these books? Mal. 3:16; Ps. 56:8; Eccl. 12:14; Matt. 12:36,37; Neh. 13:14; 1 Cor. 4:5; Ex. 32:32; Phil. 4:3.

NOTE --- "The record of every life is written in the books of heaven. Every sin that has been committed is there registered. Every regret for sin, every tear of repentance, every confession of guilt, and the forsaking of every darling sin, is also recorded." – Signs of the Times, May 16, 1895.

"In the books of heaven our lives are as accurately traced as in the picture on the plate of the photographer. Not only are we held accountable for what we have done, but for what we have left undone. We are held to account for our undeveloped characters, our unimproved opportunities." – Review and Herald, Sept. 22, 1891.

Question 4
Who have their names written in the book of life? Rev. 20:12.

NOTE --- "When we become children of God, our names are written in the Lamb's book of life, and they remain there until the time of the investigative judgment. Then the name of every individual will be called, and his record examined by Him who declares, 'I know thy works.'" – Signs of the Times, Aug. 6, 1885.

"The book of life contains the names of all who have ever entered the service of God." – The Great Controversy, page 480:3.

Question 5
Who only are judged in this judgment? 1 Pet. 4:17.

NOTE --- "In the typical service only those who had come before God with confession and repentance, and whose sins, through the blood of the sin offering, were transferred to the sanctuary, had a part in the service of the Day of Atonement. So in the great day of final atonement and investigative judgment the ONLY CASES CONSIDERED ARE THOSE OF THE PROFESSED PEOPLE OF GOD." – The Great Controversy, page 480:1.

Question 6
By what great standard are the dead to be judged? Ex. 20:3-17; Rev. 11:18,19.


NOTE --- "God's law reaches the feelings and the motives, as well as the outward acts. It reveals the secrets of the heart, flashing light upon things before buried in darkness. God knows every thought, every motive. The books of heaven record the sins that would have been committed had there been opportunity. God will bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing. By His law He measures the character of every man. As the artist transfers to the canvas the features of the face, so the features of each individual character are transferred to the books of heaven. God has a perfect photograph of every man's character, and this photograph He compares with His law. He reveals to man the defects that mar his life, and calls upon him to repent and turn from sin." – Signs of the Times, July 31, 1901.

"The temple in heaven, the dwelling place of God, His throne is established in righteousness and judgment. In the most holy place is His law . . . . the standard by which the characters and the lives of men will be tested in the judgment." – The Great Controversy, pages 415, 482.

"All are to be judged by the ten commandments. Therefore, the Sabbath and Sanctuary truth of the three angels of Rev. 14, beginning in 1844 at the end of the 2300 days of Dan. 8:14. . . .constitute the judgment for the dead . . . . All who break the ten commandments must die and go through the grave. 'sin is the transgression of the law.' 1 John 3:4 and 'all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.' Rom. 3:23. Therefore all must die and pass through the grave. Here again we see the ten commandment law is the Judgment of the dead." – The Final Atonement, pages 5, 6.

Question 7
On what basis are names blotted out of God's book? Ex. 32:33.

NOTE --- "As the books of record are opened in the judgment, the lives of all who have believed on Jesus come in review before God. Beginning with those who first lived upon the earth, our Advocate presents the cases of each successive generation, and closes with the living. Every name is mentioned, every case closely investigated. Names are accepted, names rejected. When any have sins remaining upon the books of record, unrepented of and unforgiven, their names will be blotted out of the book of life, and the record of their good deeds will be erased from the book of God's remembrance." – The Great Controversy, page 483:1.

Question 8
Whose names are retained in the book of life? Rev. 3:5.

NOTE --- "All who have truly repented of sin, and by faith claimed the blood of Christ as their atoning sacrifice, have had pardon entered against their names in the books of heaven; as they have become partakers of the righteousness of Christ, and their characters are found to be in harmony with the law of


God, their sins will be blotted out, and they themselves will be accounted worthy of eternal life." – The Great Controversy, page 483:2.

Question 9
What is determined by this investigation? John 5:28,29; Matt. 24:30,31; Acts 24:15.

NOTE --- "In consequence of Adam's sin, death passed upon the whole human race. All alike go down into the grave. And through the provisions of the plan of salvation, all are to be brought forth from their graves. 'There shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust;' 'for as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.' Acts 24:15; 1 Corinthians 15:22. But a distinction is made between the two classes that are brought forth. 'All that are in the graves shall hear His voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.' John 5:28, 29." – The Great Controversy, page 544:2.

"….the dead whose names are retained after the judgment, in the book of the dead, shall come forth in the first resurrection (Rev. 20:6), while those who were unfaithful in life wait until after the thousand years, to come forth with all the wicked in the second resurrection (verse 5) .... This cleansing of the Book of Life is further seen to be necessary in order to enable the angels rightly to select the saints, for when the Son of man comes with all His angels, He shall send them 'with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His elect [the resurrected] from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other' (Matt. 24:31), and take them to join the living." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 52, 53. (Brackets and parentheses belong)

"That the Bible teaches of a coming judgment no one can deny. We need therefore only give the reason for it .... the judgment takes place among the dead, then among the living. In the judgment the decision is made as to who are worthy of eternal life, and who of eternal death. . . who are to come up in the first resurrection. . . and who in the second; also who are to be translated when Jesus comes. . . and who are to perish at the brightness of His coming . . . . This. . . first aspect of the judgment. . . being only a book work. . . a work that does not disturb either the dead in the graves or the living in the church, it takes place in heaven. The second aspect is not a book work but an actual separation of the dead on the resurrection day, and of the living on the day of purification – the righteous dead are raised, and the unrighteous left in their graves, the righteous living are sealed to live eternally, and the unrighteous left to die. . . Thus the worthy dead are judged to rise in the first resurrection. . . the unworthy in the second. . . whereas the worthy living are judged to live on. . . the unworthy. . . to die. And this is the simple reason for the judgment." – The Answerer, Book No. 5, pages 30, 31.


Question 10
To whom was given the message of the judgment of the dead?

ANSWER --- "Thus the Seventh-day Adventists in 1844 began to proclaim what they termed 'the investigative judgment of the dead'. . . ." – White House Recruiter, page 20:1.

Question 11

During the time Sister White was proclaiming the message of the judgment of the dead what did she state regarding the judgment of the living? Rev. 18:1; 1 Pet. 4:17.

NOTE --- "The judgment is now passing in the sanctuary above. For many years this work has been in progress. Soon – none know how soon – it will pass to the cases of the living." – The Great Controversy, page 490:1.


Lesson 9


Memory Gem

"...for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ .... every one of us shall give account of himself to God." – Romans 14:10,12.


"Solemn are the scenes connected with the closing work of the atonement. Momentous are the interests involved therein. The judgment is now passing in the sanctuary above. For many years this work has been in progress. Soon – none know how soon – it will pass to the cases of the living. In the awful presence of God our lives are to come up in review. At this time above all others it behooves every soul to heed the Saviour's admonition: 'watch and pray: for ye know not when the time is.' Mark 13:33. 'If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.' Revelation 3:3." – The Great Controversy, page 490:1.


Question 1

What two groups are dealt with in the Judgment? Dan. 7:9,10; 1 Pet. 4:5,6; Eccl. 11: 9; 12:14; Rom. 14:7-12; 2 Cor. 5:10.

NOTE --- "As the books of record are opened in the judgment, the lives of all who have believed on Jesus come in review before God. Beginning with those who first lived upon the earth, our Advocate presents the cases of each successive generation, and closes with the living." – The Great Controversy, page 483:0.

"When the judgment opened in 1844... the investigation began with the dead, and when that part of the work is finished, then commences the judgment for the living." – The Shepherd's Rod. Vol. 2, page 164:1.

"The truth therefore is trouble-free: Between the judgment of the dead and the judgment of the living stands the half-hour silence…." – To The Seven Churches, Tract No. 15, page 67:3.

Question 2

What is the difference between the Judgment of the Dead and the Judgment of the Living? Rev. 20:12; Ex. 32:33; Acts 10:42; Isa. 11:3,4.

NOTE --- "With the judgment of the dead... the work of separation takes place in the books in the heavenly sanctuary; whereas with the judgment of the living, the separation takes place among the people in the church as well as among their names in the books in the heavenly sanctuary, thus showing that both sanctuaries will finally be cleansed .... Though the cleansing of the sanctuary, as... seen from Daniel's prophecies, was to take place after 1844 A.D., yet since the living righteous are still commingled with the sinners in the church, and since Daniel saw the Ancient of days sit in judgment, not to slay those who had 'the mark,' but to judge from 'the books' which 'were opened,' obviously his vision of the judgment is in respect to the dead. So while it is necessary in the congregation of the dead to separate the wicked from the righteous now awaiting the resurrection morning, it is just as necessary in the congregation of the living to separate the wicked from the righteous now preparing for deliverance from the coming trouble, and awaiting the second coming of Christ – His visible coming to wake the dead saints and to take up both them and the living." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 47, 49, 50, 52.

Question 3
When did the Judgment of the Dead begin? Lev. 16:29-34; Dan. 8:14.

NOTE --- "The tenth day of the seventh month, the great Day of Atonement,


the time of the cleansing of the sanctuary, which in the year 1844 fell upon the twenty-second of October, was regarded as the time of the Lord's coming. This was in harmony with the proofs already presented, that the 2300 days would terminate in the autumn..." – The Great Controversy, page 400.

Question 4

Is it necessary to know when the Judgment for the Living begins? Why? Isa. 11:3,4; Heb.10:30,26; Ps. 50:4,5.

NOTE --- "Is there any way whereby we can determine the time of the commencement of judgment for the living? If God so faithfully revealed to the living the commencement of the judgment for the dead, it cannot be possible that He would keep secret the time of the judgment for the living. If He did, we would have no present truth in the time of the last seal; neither could there be justice in such secrecy, nor could such judgment be legal. Therefore, a revelation of the judgment for the living, is of as great importance as the revelation of the gospel itself. For the judgment (blotting out the sins) is the crowning act in the gospel of Christ. Thus we conclude that when the seal is opened, and the judgment for the living begins, we must know it. The day of ATONEMENT in its type proves the same, for the Israelites were well informed of the event, their duty, and the consequence." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, page 220:3,

"Important as it is, any who would fail to make a diligent and careful study of the nature and significance of this great work of God's investigating the guests who have come in for the wedding, are simply indifferent to the prospects of eternal life – 'so great salvation.' For when a person's judgment is pending, and he is unaware of the fact, he will be unprepared and unable to stand when his case is investigated. To this all-important subject 'therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed.' Heb. 2:1." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, page 54:1.

". .. when our High Priest shall begin the ATONEMENT (investigative judgment) for the living there must be A MESSAGE OF PRESENT TRUTH – sounding of the trumpet – urging every one to lay hold on the Lamb of God (Christ) by which only, can he in figure, come to the sanctuary, confess his sin and secure his life. Unless the close of the judgment for the dead and the commencement for the living be made known to us, we would have no present truth while the judgment for the living is in session. Neither would such judgment be legal or just. He who fails to respond to the heavenly summons, will be left without the seal or covering of God, and therefore must be cut off from among His people, as prefigured by the services in the typical day of Atonement." – The Shepherd's Rod, Vol. 2, page 164:1. (Last parenthesis belongs to quotation.)

Question 5

What has God promised to do in order for us to know the time? Amos 3:7; Mal. 3:1-5; 4: 5; Ex. 23:20,21.


NOTE --- "Assuredly, Brethren, not a one need be in uncertainty. All may for a surety know both 'THE DAY' and the Elijah as he proclaims it, because to our surprise he will point out that every Bible prophet describes the day and also tells what the Lord would have us do while it is approaching and subsequently while we are going through it. All will see that no one but Elijah can proclaim the day." – General Conference Special, pages 11, 12. (1954 Ed.)

Question 6

What is Elijah's message and how does his proclamation of the date for the commencement of the Judgment of the Living bring about the cleansing of the Church? Mal. 4:4; Matt. 17:11; Lev. 23:1-17.

NOTE --- "Prophecy must be fulfilled. The Lord says: 'Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord.' Somebody is to come in the spirit and power of Elijah, and when he appears, men may say: 'You are too earnest, you do not interpret the Scriptures in the proper way. Let me tell you how to teach your message.'" – Testimonies to Ministers, page 475.

"This messenger of the covenant (of the promise), antitypical Elijah the prophet shall prepare the way; he shall restore all things. As he prepares the way, the Lord will suddenly come to His temple, to His church. And what is His work to be? To purify or cleanse His people by weeding the unrepented sinners from among them." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 30, page 12:1.

"Furthermore, as the Elijah of Malachi 4:5 and Matthew 17:11 is to restore all things before the great and dreadful day of the Lord, then necessarily he will restore vegetarianism, man's original dietary." – The Answerer, Book No. 5, page 80:1.

"Do you realize that this time of trouble is in the 'great and dreadful day of the Lord,' the day which the promised Elijah announces? Do you actually know that he is to turn the hearts of the fathers and of the children toward each other? lest the Lord smite 'the earth with a curse.' Mal 4:5, 6. Do you see that the prophet appears in a day he can restore all things everything that was lost through sin, even the Kingdom?" – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 7, page 11:3.

"Obviously, the Hebrew religion had largely to do with the days of the week, of the month, and of the year. The Hebrews were forever to keep holy, (1) not a seventh, but the seventh, day of each week, the Sabbath; (2) the days from the fifteenth to the twenty-first day of the first month, the Passover week; (3) the fiftieth day after the sheaf of the first fruits was offered, the Pentecost; (4) the tenth day of the seventh month, the Atonement; (5) the days from the


fifteenth to the twenty-first day of the same month, the Feast of Tabernacles; and (6) the feasts of the new moons. Thus the All-knowing One, He who created the heavenly bodies and knows the very moment He set them in motion to govern the day, the month, and the year, decreed that the holy feasts be observed in the very month and on the very day on which they were first ordained." – The Answerer, Book No. 3, pages 9, 10.

"I saw some, with strong faith and agonizing cries, pleading with God. Evil angels crowded around, pressing darkness upon them to shut out Jesus from their view ... Their only safety was in keeping their eyes directed upward ... Some, I saw, did not participate in this work of agonizing and pleading. They seemed indifferent and careless. They were not resisting the darkness around them, and it shut them in like a thick cloud. The angels of God left these and went to the aid of the earnest, praying ones ... I asked the meaning of the shaking I had seen and was shown that it would be caused by the straight testimony called forth by the counsel of the True Witness to the Laodiceans. This will have its effect upon the heart of the receiver, and will lead him to exalt the standard and pour forth the straight truth. Some will not bear this straight testimony. THEY WILL RISE UP AGAINST IT, AND THIS IS WHAT WILL CAUSE A SHAKING AMONG GOD'S PEOPLE. I saw that the testimony of the True Witness has not been half heeded. The solemn testimony upon which the destiny of the church hangs has been lightly esteemed, if not entirely disregarded. This testimony must work deep repentance; all who truly receive it will obey it and be purified ... The numbers of this company had lessened. Some had been shaken out and left by the way. The careless and indifferent did not join with those who prized victory and salvation enough to perseveringly plead and agonize for it, did not obtain it, and they were left behind in darkness, and their places were immediately filled by others taking hold of the truth and coming into the ranks." – Early Writings, pages 269-271.

"The mighty shaking has commenced and will go on, and all will be shaken out who are not willing to take a bold and unyielding stand for the truth and to sacrifice for God and His cause. The angel said, 'Think ye that any will be compelled to sacrifice? No, no. It must be a freewill offering. It will take all to buy the field.' I cried to God to spare His people, some of whom were fainting and dying. Then I saw that the judgments of the Almighty were speedily coming, and I begged of the angel to speak in his language to the people. Said he, 'All the thunders and lightnings of Mount Sinai would not move those who will not be moved by the plain truths of the Word of God, neither would an angel's message awake them.'" – Early Writings, pages 50, 51.

Question 7

Is this Elijah that restores all things the antitype of John the Baptist upon the Mt. Carmel that withers, who in these last days announced the Judgment of the Living? Isa. 40:3; Matt. 17:10,12; Amos 4:7; 1:2.


NOTE --- "True, verse three (Isa. 40) found fulfillment in the work of John the Baptist; but the verses preceding and also the verses following, definitely apply to the people in the latter days and only partially to the people in John's day. Therefore the truth stands out boldly that the direct fulfillment of this chapter is found in our (V.T.H.'s) time, thus making John's work an ensample of our work – John's work the type, ours (V.T.H.'s) the antitype." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 36 revised, page 4:1.

"With the earnestness that characterized Elijah the prophet and John the Baptist, we are to strive to prepare the way for Christ's second advent." – E.G. White – The Southern Watchman, March 21, 1905.

Question 8

There are two Elijahs (one who died and one that was taken to Heaven not experiencing death), spoken of in the Bible, and the Spirit of Prophecy by E.G. White, also the Shepherd's Rod, by V.T. Houteff. Are we safe in saying then that these both are to be fulfilled in antitype in these last days, and this is the reason for the two Mt. Carmels connected with the Judgment of the Living in antitype in our day? Matt. 17:10, 12; 14:10; Mark 9:11,13; 1 Kings 17:1; 18: 17-22; Mal.4:4-6; Matt.17:11; 2 Kings 2:11.

NOTE --- "Today, in the spirit and power of Elias AND of John the Baptist, messengers of God's appointment are calling the attention of a judgment-bound world .... Soon every man is to be judged for the deeds done in the body .... Those who have been made free in Christ through a knowledge of precious truth, are regarded by the Lord Jesus as His chosen ones, favored above all other people on the face of the earth; and He is counting on them to show forth the praises of Him who hath called them out of darkness into marvelous light." – Prophets and Kings, page 716:1, 2.

Question 9

The experiences of these two prophets are similar; do you see that only Inspiration can make plain the events to be fulfilled under each in the antitype? Amos 3:7.

NOTE --- "That as the Elijah of Christ's first advent was one person, and also as the Elijah of Mt. Carmel of old was one person, not a multitude of priests, then by parity of reasoning the Elijah of today must also be one person, not a multitude of ministers." – General Conference Special, page 34:3.


Question 10

Since Elijah restores all things, even the Kingdom, wouldn't it be logical for his message to contain the plan of salvation for the living, and he himself would not die? Zech. 3:9,10; Ps. 118:17.

NOTE --- "Moreover, we all know that the work of typical Elijah was to do away with the prophets and priests who served Baal instead of God, those who led ancient Israel into the greatest fallacy and folly of the day. Accordingly the antitypical Elijah's work being in the spirit and power of typical Elijah, must therefore be similar to typical Elijah's work – restoring Truth and righteousness, and bringing judgment upon the false prophets and teachers in the antitypical day which in itself is the separating of the chaff from the wheat – the work of the judgment for the Living." – General Conference Special, pages 30, 31. (1954 Edition)

" …'s only safety will be in the teaching of Elijah, for there will be no other voice of timely Truth and authority to whom one may turn. Any others will lead their victims blind-folded into perdition." – General Conference Special, page 8. (1954 Edition)

Question 11
Who announced the Judgment of the Dead? Rev. 14:6-8.

NOTE --- "As Elisha was called from following his oxen in the field, to receive the mantle of consecration to the prophetic office, so was William Miller called." – The Great Controversy, page 331:1.

Question 12
Who proclaimed the Judgment for the Dead had begun after 1844? Rev. 14:9-12.

NOTE --- "It was not long after the passing of the time in 1844 that my first vision was given me .... The 144,000 were all sealed and perfectly united. On their foreheads was written, 'God, New Jerusalem,' and a glorious star containing Jesus' new name .... In my second vision, about a week after the first, the Lord gave me a view of the trials through which I must pass, and told me that I must go and relate to others what He had revealed to me." – Life Sketches, pages 64, 65, 69.

"I was shown three steps – the first, second, and third angels' messages." "I saw the third angel pointing upward, showing the disappointed ones the way to the holiest of the heavenly sanctuary." – Early Writings, pages 258, 254, 255.

Question 13
Who announced the Judgment of the Living? Rev. 14:15; Mic. 6:9; Matt. 17:10,12.


NOTE --- "This is symbolized by the message of prayer of the fourth angel of Rev. xiv, 15." – Spiritual Gifts, Vol. 3, page 23:4.

". . . thus making John's work an ensample of our work -- John's work the type, ours the antitype." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 36 revised, page 4:1.

"This is born out in the work of John the Baptist. He was to proclaim not the setting up of the Kingdom, but the coming of the King. But in announcing the one, he incidentally had to answer questions concerning the other." – The Answerer, Book No. 2, pages 78, 79.

Question 14

Who proclaims the message, The Judgment of the Living? Rev. 14:16,17; Matt.17:11; Mic. 6:9; Eze. 19:10-14.

NOTE --- "All classes of second advent believers agree, that the angel brought to view in the 6th and 7th verses of this chapter (Rev. 14) represents the advent message, to the church and world. If this is true, then all five of the angels brought to view in this chapter, represent five distinct messages prior to the advent, or we are left without a rule to interpret this chapter ...The last two angels are messages of prayer. We shall, no doubt, better understand them at the time of their fulfillment." – A Word to the Little Flock, pages 10, 11. (Review and Herald Publishing Association)

5 Angels' Messages

"We see before us a special work to be done . . . . The fourteenth chapter of Revelation is a chapter of the deepest interest. This scripture will soon be understood in all its bearings, and the messages given to John the revelator will be repeated with distinct utterance." – Review and Herald, Oct. 13, 1904.


"….one's only safety will be in the teaching of Elijah, for there will be no other voice of timely Truth and authority to whom one may turn. Any others will lead their victims blind-folded into perdition." – General Conference Special, page 8.

"….the truth stands forth like the light of day that Elijah's message is the message of the Judgment of the Living, the last, which in the very nature of the gospel is of far more importance and consequence than any other message ever borne to a people." – General Conference Special, page 26.

Question 15

Now that the message of the Judgment of the Living which is proclaimed by antitypical Elijah the Tishbite upon Mt. Carmel is the last, are others likely to be seeking his office? Matt. 24:23,24.

NOTE --- "Every wind of doctrine will be blowing, false revivals and reformations will be at their peak. Everything that can be done will be done to distort the Truth and thus distract and dishearten believers and draw their attention to something other than the message of Elijah." – General Conference Special, page 8.

Question 16

Where in the Revelation, other than the fourteenth chapter of Revelation, do we find: (1) The announcement of the Judgment of the Dead; (2) The message of the Judgment of the Dead; (3) The announcement of the Judgment of the Living; and (4) The message of the Judgment of the Living? Rev. 9:15.

NOTE --- "Now to continue, we direct our attention to the truth concerning the FOUR angels, 'which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.' Rev. 9:15, last part….Thus are designated FOUR points in time 'at' which the four angels were to prepare 'for to slay the third part of men.' And as the 'third part' in the trumpets represents. . . those who reject God's appeals to them to repent and be saved, then, accordingly, the angels' preparing themselves on FOUR successive occasions for the eventual execution of death upon 'the third part of men' shows that the men are to reject a FOUR-PHASE (four doctrine) message, each phase being revealed successively: (1) The only revelation of truth pertaining to and coming 'at an hour' is the proclamation of the angel's announcement: 'Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgment is come,' Rev. 14:7. [at the end of the 2300 years. Dan. 8:14 – by Miller] (2) The only revelation of truth pertaining to and coming 'at a day' is the warning of 'the


day of vengeance' (Isa. 63:4) [the day of atonement, the judgment of the Dead, found in Rev. 14:9-12 – by E.G. White and S.D.A.]. . . (3) The only revelation pertaining to and coming 'at a month' is 'the latter rain in the first month' (Joel 2:23) [announcement of harvest of Rev. 14:15 – by V.T. Houteff – D.S.D.A.]. .. .(4) And, finally, the only revelation pertaining to and coming 'at a year,' and preparing the four angels 'for to slay the third part of men' is, says the Lord, 'the year of My redeemed.' Isa. 63:4. And this 'year' at which His people are redeemed is, of course, the time of the sealing and of the deliverance of the 144,000, – those who are redeemed, who escape the slaughter decreed in Ezekiel 9, [The Judgment of the Living, the Harvest of Rev. 14:16,17; Joel 2:24-27; Deut. 32:1-4,36 – by the Branch]... These FOUR messages prepare the four angels 'for to slay the third part of men' – all who fail to receive into their lives the saving truth of the gospel as revealed in the FOUR messages. They are, to recapitulate, (1) those who close their ears to the proclamation of the judgment which is revealed 'at an hour'; (2) those who heed not the solemn warning of the day of God's vengeance, which is revealed 'at a day'; (3) those who receive not the latter rain, which comes 'at a month'; and (4) those who do not join 'His redeemed' (the 144,000), who are sealed 'at a year.' All these who fail to make the needful preparation for gloryland after the truth is proclaimed to them, shall perish. . ." – Final Warning, Tract No. 5, pages 86-89. (Paren. belong, brackets added)

Question 17

Since it is extremely clear that the message of the antitypical Elijah the Tishbite, who never dies, is the harvest – the Judgment of the Living – the last, how then is his message illustrated in the Bible? Lev. 23:1-17,26-44; Matt. 13:14-30; Dan. 7:13,14; Rev. 14:14,16,17.

"A harvest means the 'result of effort,' 'of toil,' 'the gathering of a crop' – reaping the result of labor and filling up the barns with grain. So rather than the year's toil being finished at the beginning of the harvest, the heaviest labor of the year just then begins. And though harvest time is the shortest of all periods of the harvest year, the work of reaping is not done in a moment; it takes time. The yield is not garnered by turning the field right into the barn; no, that would be a conglomerate mass instead of a harvest. First the sickle (Rev. 14:16) is put to the grain, and next the grain is bound into sheaves, then threshed, after which it is put into the barn; and thereafter the chaff and the tares are destroyed. This work being completed during the autumn (atonement), it shows that the harvest is a season of time after 'the summer is past' and that it is followed by the fruitless winter period." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 64, 65.



Lesson 10


Memory Gem

"Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the Lord." – Zechariah 6:12 last part.


"If the veil which separates the visible from the invisible world could be lifted, and the people of God could behold the great controversy that is going on between Christ and holy angels and Satan and his evil hosts concerning the redemption of man; if they could understand the wonderful work of God for the rescue of souls from the bondage of sin, and the constant exercise of His power for their protection from the malice of the evil one, they would be better prepared to withstand the devices of Satan. Their minds would be solemnized in view of the vast extent and importance of the plan of redemption and the greatness of the work before them as co-laborers with Christ. They would be humbled, yet encouraged, knowing that all Heaven is interested in their salvation." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, page 467:2.

Question 1
What prophecy especially applies to the closing up of the atonement? Zech. 3:8; 6: 12.

NOTE --- "The work of Christ as man's intercessor is presented in that beautiful prophecy of Zechariah concerning Him 'whose name is the Branch.' Says the prophet: 'He shall build the temple of the Lord; and He shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon His [the Father's] throne; and He shall be a priest upon His throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between Them both. Zechariah 6:12,13. 'He shall build the temple of the Lord.' By His sacrifice and mediation Christ is both the foundation and the builder of the church of God. The apostle Paul points to Him as 'the chief Cornerstone; in whom all the building fitly framed together groweth into an holy temple in the Lord: in whom ye also,' he says, 'are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.' Ephesians 2:20-22. 'He shall bear the glory.' To Christ belongs the glory of redemption for the fallen race. Through the eternal ages, the song of the ransomed ones will be: 'Unto Him that loved us, and washed us from our


sins in His own blood, . . . to Him be glory and dominion for ever and ever.' Revelation 1:5, 6. He 'shall sit and rule upon His throne; and He shall be a priest upon His throne.' Not now 'upon the throne of His glory;' the kingdom of glory has not yet been ushered in. Not until His work as a mediator shall be ended will God 'give unto Him the throne of His father David,' a kingdom of which 'there shall be no end.' Luke 1:32, 33. As a priest, Christ is now set down with the Father in His throne. Revelation 3;21. Upon the throne with the eternal, self-existent one is He who 'hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows,' who 'was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin,' that He might be 'able to succor them that are tempted.' 'If any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father.' Isaiah 53:4; Hebrews 4:15; 2:18; 1 John 2:1." – The Great Controversy, pages 415, 416. [Brackets belong to quotation.]

"Zechariah's vision of Joshua and the Angel applies with peculiar force to the experience of God's people in the closing up of the great day of atonement." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, page 472:2.

Question 2
How is the mediatorial work of Christ illustrated in this prophecy? Zech. 3:1-3.

NOTE --- "A most forcible and impressive illustration of the work of Satan and the work of Christ, and the power of our Mediator to vanquish the accuser of His people, is given in the prophecy of Zechariah. In holy vision the prophet beholds Joshua the high priest, 'clothed with filthy garments, ' standing before the Angel of the Lord, entreating the mercy of God in behalf of His people who are in deep affliction. Satan stands at his right hand to resist him . . . . He points to the transgressions of Israel as a reason why that people should not be restored to the favor of God. He claims them as his prey and demands that they be given into his hands to be destroyed. The high priest cannot defend himself or his people from Satan's accusations. He does not claim that Israel are free from fault. In his filthy garments, symbolizing the sins of the people, which he bears as their representative, he stands before the Angel, confessing their guilt, yet pointing to their repentance and humiliation, relying upon the mercy of a sin-pardoning Redeemer and in faith claiming the promises of God. Then the Angel, who is Christ Himself, the Saviour of sinners, puts to silence the accuser of His people, declaring: 'The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?'" – Testimonies, Vol. 5, pages 467-469.

Question 3

In response to the intercession of Joshua what does the Lord do for him? Zech. 3:4; Isa. 61:10.

NOTE --- "As the Intercession of Joshua is accepted, the command is given, 'Take away the filthy garments from him,' and to Joshua the Angel


declares, 'Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with a change of raiment.' 'So they set a fair miter upon his head, and clothed him with garments.' His own sins and those of his people were pardoned. Israel were clothed with 'change of raiment' – the righteousness of Christ imputed to them." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, page 469:2.

"The first one to be given the garment is Joshua, the high priest, the highest official in the church. If he has not the garment, then no one else has it either. From this we see that the genuine revival and reformation starts at the head, not at the feet, and that before one is given the right to put the garment on, his iniquity is taken away – he repents of his sins, and the Lord blots them out. Satan, though, is right there to resist and accuse him; but, thanks be to God that the Lord is also there to rebuke the enemy." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 8 revised, page 23:1.

Question 4
What else is given to Joshua and what does it signify? Zech. 3:5-7; 6:11-15.

NOTE --- "The miter placed upon Joshua's head was such as was worn by the priests and bore the inscription, 'Holiness to the Lord,' signifying that, notwithstanding his former transgressions, he was now qualified to minister before God in His sanctuary. After thus solemnly investing him with the dignity of the priesthood the Angel declared: 'Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt keep My charge, then thou shalt also judge My house, and shalt also keep My courts, and I will give thee places to walk among these that stand by.' He would be honored as the judge or ruler over the temple and all its services; he should walk among attending angels, even in this life, and should at last join the glorified throng around the throne of God." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, page 469:2, 3.

"Not only is he clothed with a white garment, but he is also crowned with a fair mitre. And what could such a mitre denote other than the authority vested in him as Heaven's appointed ruler? As such he is clothed from his head to his feet, 'and the angel of the Lord stood by.' What a gift and what a bodyguard for one to have in a world such as ours!" – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 8 revised, pages 23, 24.

"THE JUDGE AND RULER -- INTERPRETER OF THE LAW 'What can all this mean? – Just this: Joshua is Heaven's appointed judge [interpreter of the law], ruler. He himself is crowned as such. And in response to the Lord's [The Branch's] Own command, Joshua crowns (authorizes) his helpers [on the Executive Council] whom the Lord Himself names. In other words, as members of 'the house of David,' Joshua authorizes them to engage in the work. So, Joshua is responsible to the Lord [The Branch], but his helpers are responsible to Joshua. Here is seen an organization having a Leader [The Branch] and an


under-leader -- the Lord [The Branch] and Joshua.' 1 T.G.r. 8:26:3, (Parenthesis belongs to quotation.) THE BRANCH – THE NEW NAME OF JESUS Let this mind be in you, that the Branch is the Lord, the Leader, and Joshua is Heaven's appointed judge, 'ruler' (King) the 'underleader.' It is easy to see; there is nothing here difficult to understand. Joshua is chosen by Heaven to tell the church and the world about The Branch (the Lord), and to interpret His law." – The Man On The White Horse, page 22. (Brackets and parentheses belong to quotation.

Question 5
As a result of all this what is to emerge? Eph. 5:27.

NOTE --- "Obviously, then, as a result of this revival and reformation ('Revival signifies a renewal of spiritual life, a quickening of the powers of mind and heart, a resurrection from spiritual death. Reformation signifies a REORGANIZATION, a change in ideas and theories, habits and practices.' – R&H Feb. 25. 1902) within the Laodicean church, ANOTHER CHURCH emerges of which Joshua is in charge, not the angel of Laodicea. In it there are to be neither 'tares' (Matt. 13:30), 'bad fish' (Matt. 13:47, 48), or 'goats' (Matt. 25:32). The Laodicean, the seventh, is the last that is commingled with hypocrites, saints and sinners." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 8 revised, page 24:3. (Parentheses belong to quotation.)

Question 6
Of what is Joshua well aware? Zech. 6:12,13.

NOTE --- "Who is to bring this revival and reformation, this great change? – The BRANCH . . . . Joshua is well instructed that the burden and the ingenuity for building this spiritual temple (the 144,000 – 1 Pet. 2:5-10.), belongs to Him Whose name is 'the BRANCH.' He is to grow out of His place. To Him be the glory. He alone is to be exalted. He is to build the temple of the Lord." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 8 revised, pages 24, 27.

Question 7

In order for us to have our sins blotted out in this time of the atonement for the living, what are we counseled to do? Rev.3:18.

NOTE --- "You, yourself, can now answer the question as to whether you are a Davidian or still a Laodicean. If you are satisfied with yourself, with your spiritual attainments, with your man-made gospel program; if you think that the Lord is speaking to you by whatever happens to 'click' in your mind; if you think you have all the Truth, and that you have need of nothing more; if you think that everyone who does not have your stamp of approval on his belief is a false prophet; and if you are in constant fear that someone is everlastingly


trying to deceive you because he teaches something new; if you never give it a thought that you may be slamming your door against a Truth-bearer (putting the Branch to your nose – Eze. 8:17) who may be bringing to you the Lord's 'eyesalve,' and the 'wedding garment' – if you do all these or any part of them, then you must be as good a Laodicean as you can possibly be, not a Davidian. But if you are aware that your garments are filthy, and your iniquity not blotted out; if you realize that you are to walk in God's ways as He directs through the JOSHUA of today, if you are all for God and not at all for self or for the world, then, of course, you either are, or are beginning to be, a Davidian. If you have not attained to all of these, you should see that you do; and if you already have, then keep advancing in the light, and for certain you shall finally stand on Mt. Zion with the Lamb." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 8 revised, page 28:1, 2.

"Let all who are honest and wish to receive the Truth on Its own merits (regardless from whence it comes); and, likewise, to receive a crown and be in God's everlasting Kingdom of Glory, thoroughly consider the following facts: (1) Since Sister Ellen G. White's work and message was for the world and the church, while the church (SDA) was retreating into Egypt (5T 217), Brother Houteff's work and message of the Shepherd's Rod was, in antitype, to deliver modern Israel (SDA) out of Egypt, as Moses with the rod was sent to lead ancient Israel from Egypt (1 S.R.p.e., p. 6). (2) Neither of these messengers could be the antitypical Joshua who leads the purified church into the kingdom. Remember Joshua of old, chosen of God, followed on after Moses to lead ancient Israel into Canaan. Therefore, Joshua, the type, demands an antitypical Joshua, chosen of God, some time after Mrs. White and V.T. Houteff, to lead modern Israel into the kingdom. He that receives this Present-Truth of Jesus' new name will receive a crown passed on to him by Joshua. Joshua has the knowledge of the 'new name' of Jesus with which to crown or seal the 144,000 first-fruits of Israel (Rev. 7:1-8; 14:1,4) and a great multitude of second fruits from all nations (Rev. 7:9). This is indeed the Marriage Supper of the Lamb (Rev. 19:9). It is the Supper at this midnight hour, as it were, to which the Lord calls you. Can you hear His Voice as He pleads with you through His servant, Joshua the High Priest, Judge, and ruler? Please remember though, the Lord cannot name you unless you accept His new name. This is the crowning act of the Gospel of Christ that Joshua wishes to present to you." – The Man On The White Horse, pages 23, 24. (Parentheses belong to quotation.)


Our heavenly Father waits to bestow upon us the fullness of His blessing. . . Prayer is the key in the hand of faith to unlock heaven's storehouse, where are treasured the boundless resources of Omnipotence. – Steps to Christ, pp. 94, 95.


Lesson 11


Memory Gem

"Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill? He that walketh-uprightly and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart." – Psalms 15:1,2.


"By faith he (the sinner, who has so grievously wronged and offended God) can bring to God the merits of Christ, and the Lord places the obedience of His Son to the sinner's account. Christ's righteousness is accepted in place of man's failure." – Review and Herald, Nov. 4, 1890. Also Christ Our Righteousness, page 19.

Question 1
What made Christ righteous? Ps. 145:17; Isa. 45:19; Dan. 9:7; John 15:10.

NOTE --- "By the word and the Spirit of God are opened to men the great principles of righteousness embodied in His law. And since the law of God is 'holy, and just, and good,' a transcript of the divine perfection, it follows that a character formed by obedience to that law will be holy. Christ is a perfect example of such a character. He says: 'I have kept My Father's commandments.' 'I do always those things that please Him.' John 15:10; 8:29." – The Great Controversy, page 469:2.

"Those who hold that Christ abolished the law teach that He broke the Sabbath and justified His disciples in doing the same . . . . In this they contradict the testimony of Christ Himself, who declared, 'I have kept My Father's commandments, and abide in His love.' John 15:10. Neither the Saviour nor His followers broke the law of the Sabbath. Christ was a living representative of the law. No violation of its holy precepts was found in His life. Looking upon a nation of witnesses who were seeking occasion to condemn Him, He could say unchallenged, 'Which of you convicteth Me of sin?' John 8:46, R. V." – The Desire of Ages, page 287:3.

"God's Righteousness, you see, is His integrity, His sure promises, His might


to perform. He guarantees His promises; they never fail." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 35, page 6:3.

Question 2
How is man's righteousness compared? Isa. 64:6; Rev. 3:17.

NOTE --- "The law demands righteousness, and this the sinner owes to the law; but he is incapable of rendering it." – Review and Herald, Nov. 4, 1890.

Question 3
What does Christ offer in place of our filthy rags? Rev. 3:18; 2 Cor. 5:2,3.

NOTE --- "Jesus is going from door to door, standing in front of every soul-temple, proclaiming, 'I stand at the door, and knock.' As a heavenly Merchantman, He opens His treasures, and cries, 'Buy of Me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear.'. . . The white raiment He invites the soul to wear is His own robe of righteousness. . ." – Review and Herald, Aug. 7, 1894.

Question 4
In what name does the Lord offer His righteousness to us? Jer. 23:5,6.

NOTE --- "The work of Christ as man's intercessor is presented in that beautiful prophecy of Zechariah concerning Him 'whose name is the Branch.'" – The Great Controversy, page 415:3.

"The Lord, the Bridegroom -- the Harvester, introduced Himself to the '10 virgins' as THE BRANCH (new name) at the beginning of harvest, Sept. – Oct. 1955.... the Lord reveals His new name before the slaughter [burning of the tares] as well as before the marriage: to save the bride [His church] from destruction, His new name is placed in her forehead such as was the 'blood on the doorpost' anciently (blood of the BRANCH during the atonement for the living in the church. . .), thus 'sealing' -- designating, her for the marriage." – The New Name, pages 1, 2. (Parentheses belong to quote, brackets added.)

". . .Jeremiah. . . foresaw the downfall of the kingdom and a scattering of the inhabitants of Judah among the nations; but with the eye of faith he looked beyond all this to the times of restoration. Ringing in his ears was the divine promise: 'I will gather the remnant of My flock out of all countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds .... Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In His days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this


is His name (BRANCH) whereby He shall be called (or known as), THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.' Thus prophecies of on-coming judgment were mingled with promises of final and glorious deliverance. Those who should choose to make their peace with God, and live holy lives amid the prevailing apostasy, would receive strength for every trial, and be enabled to witness for Him with mighty power. And in the ages to come the deliverance wrought in their behalf would exceed in fame that wrought for the children of Israel at the time of the Exodus." – Prophets and Kings, cages 426, 427.

Question 5
What law reveals the righteousness of God? Ex. 20:3-17; Rom. 3:21.

NOTE --- "The law of God is as sacred as himself. It is a revelation of his will, a transcript of his character, the expression of divine love and wisdom." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 52:3.

Question 6
What law reveals the righteousness of Christ? Deut. 31:24-26; Acts 28:23; John 15:10.

NOTE --- "Christ, to enforce the will of his father, became the author of the statutes and precepts given through Moses to the people of God." – Review and Herald, May 6, 1875.

"The important thing right now is to find out what the Lord's righteousness is and how to make it our own righteousness, so that we may have the right to His Kingdom." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 35, page 5:2.

Question 7
What is Christ's righteousness to us today? Ps. 119:172; Deut. 6:24,25; Rev. 18:1.

NOTE --- "Righteousness is holiness, likeness to God; and 'God is love.' It is conformity to the law of God; for 'all Thy commandments are righteousness;' and 'love is the fulfilling of the law.' Righteousness is love, and love is the light and the life of God. The righteousness of God is embodied in Christ. We receive righteousness by receiving Him." – The Mount of Blessing, p. 34.

". . . .the righteousness of Christ... is made manifest in obedience to all the commandments of God .... This is the message that God commanded to be given to the world. It is the third angel's message, which is to be proclaimed with a LOUD VOICE, and attended with the outpouring of His Spirit in a large measure." – Testimonies to Ministers, page 92:0

"The message of Christ's righteousness is to sound from one end of the earth to the other to prepare the way of the Lord. This is the glory of God, which


closes the work of the third angel." – Testimonies, Vol. 6, page 19:1.

". . . the righteousness of Christ. . . is pure, unadulterated truth . . . . When it shall come as a reprover, through any human agent whom God shall choose, it is man's place to hear and obey its voice." – Testimonies to Ministers, p. 65.

"The message of Christ's name, the Branch, is the message of 'THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS', the atonement for the living. This is the midnight cry for the church, Matt. 25:6; after which it is given to the world in the loud cry, Rev. 18:4. . ." – The Righteousness of Christ, page 5:4.

"Through faith in HIS NAME, He imputes unto us His righteousness, and it becomes a living principle in our life." – Review and Herald, July 12, 1892. See Christ Our Righteousness, page 98.

Question 8

How may we have the righteousness of Christ? Ps. 119:11; John 1:14; 1 Cor.15:34; Isa. 52: 1,2,6,7; Nah. 1:15; Isa. 62:2; Mal. 4:4.

NOTE --- "These verses indicate that from the time the church, Zion, is called to awake and put on her strength, the announcement is also made that the uncircumcised and the unclean are no more to pass through her (purification of the church – judgment of the living). At that time the church is asleep and the Lord is calling her to awake .... After she awakes she is to behold something and she is to do something. What is she to do? – She is to keep her solemn feasts. She is to perform her vows. From this we understand that. . . in the time when the wicked no longer will be in the church, God's people in it are to keep their solemn feasts and perform their vows." – The Symbolic Code, Vol. 12, Nos, 6&7, pages 11, 12.

". . . only as they awake and give heed to the voice of the True Witness, and turn their steps toward the gates of the Kingdom, may they ever hope to participate in the divine eventuality: 'O Judah, keep thy solemn feasts, perform thy vows'. . ." – War News Forecast, Tract No. 14, page 22.

"Religion (righteousness) means the abiding of Christ (through His Word, the law He spoke to Moses, the Levitical Law) in the heart." – Review and Herald, May 24, 1892.

"Your obeying 'all the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments' of the moral law of Moses, you see, is your evidence that you have been born again, that you have been endowed with power from above, that you are enabled to choose the good and to refuse the evil, that you are the children of God. Keeping the commandments and the statutes in the Lord, then, is the light and shield of your life. It is the outward sign that by the life of Christ


you have overcome the Enemy of your soul and body. This system of worship, therefore, is truly the Righteousness by faith that brings the righteousness of Christ in the people of God. Let us now with ears wide open hear the crier's bell . . . . the prophetic Word of God plainly declares by both Isaiah (52:1, 7) and Nahum (1:15) the prophets that when we see these good tidings published by him whose feet are seen upon the mountains (and this is now taking place for the first time since the prophets wrote), it is to be a sign that the wicked, the violators of the laws of Moses, are soon to be cut off from among God's people." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 37, pages 24, 25.

History and Prophecy

"For the summary of our study, I would have you seriously look at this illustration. Look at it, store it in your mind, and study it at your leisure. Yes, be convinced of the truth which I have tried to present to you, for it is your life, your prosperity, your health and happiness, your eternity." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 2, No. 37, page 25:4.


Question 9

What picture is given of God's church at the time they keep the Feasts and receive Christ's righteousness? Song of Solomon 6: 10; Jer. 33:15,16.

NOTE --- "If the church will put on the robe of Christ's righteousness, withdrawing from all allegiance with the world, there is before her the dawn of a bright and glorious day. God's promise to her will stand fast forever. He will make her an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations. Truth, passing by those who despise and reject it, will triumph. Although at times apparently retarded, its progress has never been checked. When the message of God meets with opposition, He gives it additional force, that it may exert greater influence. Endowed with divine energy, it will cut its way through the strongest barriers, and triumph over every obstacle." – The Acts of the Apostles, page 601:1.

"'The rebuke of His people shall He take away,' the prophet declared. 'They shall call them, The holy people, The redeemed of the Lord.' He hath appointed 'to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that He might be glorified.' 'Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; Put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: For henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean. Shake thyself from the dust; Arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem: Loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.' 'O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, Behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colors, And lay thy foundations with sapphires. And I will make thy windows of agates, And thy gates of carbuncles, And all thy borders of pleasant stones. And all thy children shall be taught of the Lord; And great shall be the peace of thy children. In righteousness shalt thou be established: Thou shalt be far from oppression; for thou shalt not fear: And from terror; for it shall not come near thee. Behold, they shall surely gather together, but not by Me: Whosoever shall gather together against thee shall fall for thy sake . . . . No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; And every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord, And their righteousness is of Me, saith the Lord.' Clad in the armor of Christ's righteousness, the church is to enter upon her final conflict. 'Fair as the moon, clear as the sun, and terrible as an army with banners,' she is to go forth into all the world, conquering and to conquer." – Prophets and Kings, pages 724, 725.

"When the church, like Jacob, wrestles with the angel of Rev. 18:1 and puts on the robe of Christ's righteousness having her name changed (Isa, 62:2), she will then give the Loud cry to Babylon the Great (Rev. 17), and this is the name wherewith SHE shall be called, The Branch, 'The Lord our righteousness.' Jer. 33:15, 16." – The Righteousness of Christ, page 6:5.


Lesson 12


Memory Gem

"And ye shall keep it a feast unto the Lord seven days in the year. It shall be a statute FOR EVER in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month." – Leviticus 23:41.


"These statutes were explicitly given to guard the ten commandments. They were not shadowy types to pass away with the death of Christ. They were to be binding upon man in every age as long as time should last." – Review and Herald, May 6, 1875.

Question 1

What feast did we learn followed the Day of Atonement? Ex. 23:16; Lev. 23:39-43; Deut. 16:13-17.

NOTE --- "In the seventh month came the Feast of Tabernacles, or of ingathering. This feast acknowledged God's bounty in the products of the orchard, the olive grove, and the vineyard. It was the crowning festal gathering of the year. The land had yielded its increase, the harvests had been gathered into the granaries, the fruits, the oil, and the wine had been stored, the firstfruits had been reserved, and now the people came with their tributes of thanksgiving to God, who had thus richly blessed them. This feast was to be pre-eminently an occasion of rejoicing. It occurred just after the great day of atonement, when the assurance had been given that their iniquity should be remembered no more. At peace with God, they now came before him to acknowledge his goodness, and to praise him for his mercy . . . . the Feast of Tabernacles was commemorative. In memory of their pilgrim life in the wilderness, the people were now to leave their houses, and dwell in booths, or arbors, formed from the green branches 'of goodly trees, branches of palm-trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook.' The first day was a holy convocation, and to the seven days of the feast an eighth day was added, which was observed in like manner." – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 540:2-5.

Question 2

Besides being commemorative to what did this feast point forward? Isa. 66:19,20; Rev. 7:9.


NOTE --- "'The Feast of Tabernacles was not only commemorative, but typical .... It celebrated the ingathering of the fruits of the earth, and pointed forward to the great day of final ingathering.' . . . a spiritual harvest of first and second fruits. . . climaxed by the antitypical Feast of Tabernacles." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 81. 82.

"It was prophetic of the time when the great ingathering of God's people shall take place, and 'many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the Kingdom of heaven' (Matt. 8:11)." – S.D.A. Bible Commentary, Vol. 1, page 805.

Question 3
What great test will come in connection with the Feast of Tabernacles? Zech. 14:16.

NOTE --- "In one of the preceding verses we are told that the Lord is to fight against all those who fight against Jerusalem . . . . He is not to use manmade weapons, but a plague .... The plague falls on both man and beast that are found in the tents of the unbelieving .... This sentence of Scripture emphatically implies that all who at that decisive moment refuse to be converted to the Lord, shall perish; only those who worship the Lord at Jerusalem on the feast of tabernacles, shall be spared." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 20 revised, pages 12, 13.

Question 4
What will happen to those who refuse to keep the Feast of Tabernacles? Zech. 14:1719.

NOTE --- "The 'rain' will be withheld from all who do not then worship the King, the Lord of hosts, in order that they may fully realize their mistake. Moreover, not only those who shall fight against Jerusalem, but even all the families of the earth shall be thus sifted . . . . Thus all who have not heard the message will be given opportunity to hear it. If it cannot save them it will eventually destroy them." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 20 revised, pages 13,14.

Question 5

Are we to keep the Feast of Tabernacles now or only in Jerusalem? Mal. 4:4; Nah. 1:15; John 13:17.

NOTE --- "Well would it be for the people of God AT THE PRESENT TIME to have a Feast of Tabernacles, – a joyous commemoration of the blessings of God to them. As the children of Israel celebrated the deliverance


that God had wrought for their fathers, and his miraculous preservation of them during their journeyings from Egypt, so should we gratefully call to mind the various ways he has devised for bringing us out from the world, and from the darkness of error, into the precious light of his grace and truth." – Patriarchs and Prophets, pages 540, 541.

"God gave direction to the Israelites to assemble before Him at set periods, in the place which He should choose, and observe special days wherein no unnecessary work was to be done, but the time was to be devoted to a consideration of the blessings which He had bestowed upon them. At these special seasons they were to bring gifts, freewill offerings, and thank offerings unto the Lord, according as He had blessed them . . . . And they were commanded not to appear before the Lord empty . . . . The Lord covenanted that if they were faithful in the observance of His requirements, He would bless them in all their increase and in all the work of their hands. God requires NO LESS of His people IN THESE LAST DAYS . . . . Let all who possibly can, attend these yearly gatherings. All should feel that God requires this of them. If they do not avail themselves of the privileges which He has provided that they may become strong in Him and in the power of His grace, they will grow weaker and weaker, and have less and less desire to consecrate all to God. Come, brethren and sisters, to these sacred convocation meetings, to find Jesus. He will come up to the feast. He will be present, and He will do for you that which you most need to have done. Your farms (homes, jobs, businesses etc.) should not be considered of greater value than the higher interests of the soul.

"A strong, clear sense of eternal things, and a heart willing to yield all to Christ, are blessings of more value than all the riches and pleasures and glories of this world." – Testimonies, Vol. 2, pages 573-576.

"In view of this, let us wholeheartedly do God's bidding (keep the feasts) and sincerely act out our faith in His never-failing Word." – Timely Greetings, Vol. 1, No. 20 revised, page 15:3.


Our minds take the level of the things on which our thoughts dwell, and if we think upon earthly things, we shall fail to take the impress of that which is heavenly. We would be greatly benefited by contemplating the mercy, goodness, and love of God; but we sustain great loss by dwelling upon those things which are earthly. – The S.D.A. Bible Commentary, Ellen G. White Comments, on 2 Cor. 4:18, p. 1100.


Lesson 13


Memory Gem

"...They that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut." – Matthew 25:10 last part.


"Those who are living upon the earth when the intercession of Christ shall cease in the sanctuary above are to stand in the sight of a holy God without a mediator. Their robes must be spotless, their characters must be purified from sin by the blood of sprinkling. Through the grace of God and their own diligent efforts, they must be conquerors in the battle with evil. While the investigative judgment is going forward in heaven, while the sins of penitent believers are being removed from the sanctuary, there is to be a special work of purification, of putting away sin, among God's people on earth." – Review and Herald, Jan. 17, 1907. See also The Great Controversy, page 425.

Question 1

What work is done amongst God's people while the Judgment of the Living is in process? Eze. 9:1-4.

NOTE --- "The time of the judgment is a most solemn period, when the Lord gathers His own from among the tares. Those who have been members of the same family are separated. A MARK is placed upon the righteous." – Testimonies to Ministers, page 234;2.

"Especially in the closing work for the church, in the sealing time of the one hundred and forty-four thousand .... This is forcibly set forth by the prophet's illustration of the last work under the figure of the men each having a slaughter weapon in his hand. One man among them was clothed with linen (the righteousness of Christ), with a writer's inkhorn by his side .... Mark this point with care: Those who receive the pure mark of truth, wrought in them


by the power of the Holy Ghost, represented by a mark by the man in linen, are those 'that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done' in the church." – Testimonies, Vol. 3, pages 266, 267.

"That part of the investigative judgment of the living, by which is determined who are to have their sins blotted out and. . . be given eternal life, is paralleled on earth by the work of the angel with the 'writer's inkhorn,' who is charged to 'mark' (seal) . . . And the work of the five others who follow on to slay . . . is paralleled in heaven by the blotting out of the sinner's names." – The Answerer, Book 2, page 41:2. (Parenthesis belong to quotation)

Question 2
Of what does this mark consist? Rev. 3:12.

NOTE --- "The 144, 000 were all sealed and perfectly united. On their foreheads was written, God, New Jerusalem, and a glorious star containing Jesus' new name (Branch). At our happy, holy state the wicked were enraged, and would rush violently up to lay hands on us to thrust us into prison, when we would stretch forth the hand in the name of the Lord (Branch), and they would fall helpless to the ground. Then it was that the synagogue of Satan knew that God had loved us who could wash one another's feet (keeping the feasts Lord's Supper, Pentecost, Atonement, Feast of Tabernacles etc.) and salute the brethren with a holy kiss, and they worshiped at our feet." – Early Writings, page 15:1

Question 3

While the great Day of Atonement is going on what should God's people be doing? Lev. 16:29; Heb. 12:1-3.

NOTE --- "While Christ is cleansing the sanctuary, the worshipers on earth should carefully review their life, and compare their character with the standard of righteousness. As they see their defects, they should seek the aid of the Spirit of God to enable them to have moral strength to resist the temptations of Satan, and to reach the perfection of the standard." – Review and Herald, April 8, 1890.

Question 4

When the marking in the church is completed, what takes place? Eze. 9:5-7,11; Isa. 66:1517.

NOTE --- "Those who train the mind to seize upon everything which they can use as a peg to hang a doubt upon ... will always find occasion to doubt. They will question and criticize everything that arises in the unfolding of truth, criticize the work and position of others, criticize every branch of the work in which they have not themselves a part. They will feed upon the errors and mistakes and faults of others, 'until,' said the angel, 'the Lord Jesus


shall rise up from (interrupt) His mediatorial work in the heavenly sanctuary and shall clothe Himself with the garments of vengeance and surprise them at their unholy feast, and they will find themselves unprepared for the marriage supper of the Lamb.'" – Testimonies, Vol. 5, page 690:0.

"The Lord commissions His messengers, the men with the slaughtering weapons in their hands: 'Go ye after him through the city, and smite: let not your eye spare, neither have ye pity: slay utterly old and young, both maids, and little children, and women: but come not near any man upon whom is the mark; and begin at My sanctuary. Then they began at the ancient men which were before the house.' Here we see that the church – the Lord's sanctuary – was the first to feel the stroke of the wrath of God." – Testimonies, Vol. 5, page 211:1, 2.

"The Lord calls to the man in linen (Ezekiel 9:3). Since Jesus calls to the man in linen, it must be that the man in linen is not the Lord Himself (He would not call to Himself), but is symbolical of the message of the Righteousness of Christ – Mark of God. Nothing could mark a person any more distinctly in a world of sin – than a Christlike character. The apostles were marked men on the day of Pentecost. All who are faithful and overcome during the short time of the atonement – probationary time for the church – will receive the mark of God's approval. It was not until after the Lord came to the threshold of the house (church) that He called to the man in linen. So the marking takes place during the investigative judgment to the church and when completed the report is made. (Ezekiel 9:11). Then the slaughter will commence." – J.H. Jezreel Letter, No. 2, page 3.

Question 5

How do we know that this close of probation is not the final one? Isa.66:19,20; Rev. 7: 1-4,9; Read also Ezekiel chapter 10 and 1 Cor. 10:11 last part.

NOTE --- "The slain of the Lord, in this scripture [Isa. 66:16,17.], are those who profess to be in the faith, who claim sanctification and purification, but who do so on the merits of their own righteousness, – of 'themselves', – not on the merits of Christ's righteousness .... That it was not among the Gentiles, who knew not of the truth of God and of His great power, is clearly shown by the Lord's words: 'I will send those THAT ESCAPE OF THEM unto the nations . . . .' Isa. 66:19. Since these escaped ones (the first fruits, the 144, 000 servants of God – Rev. 7:3) 'shall bring all your brethren' (the second fruits, the great multitude – Rev. 7:9) 'for an offering. . . .out of all nations' '(Isa:66:20, first part), this great ingathering necessarily, therefore, is the closing work of the gospel – the second section of the harvest. And since, furthermore, these escaped ones are to bring all their brethren 'to My holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the Lord,' 'in a clean vessel into the house of the Lord' (verse 20, last part), the fact is fully evident that the destruction of the wicked, results in


the purification of the church." – The Judgment and the Harvest, Tract No. 3, pages 69, 70. (Parentheses belong to quotation.)

"And behold,' says Ezekiel, 'the man clothed with linen, which had the inkhorn by his side, reported the matter (while on earth], saying, I have done as Thou hart commanded me.' Ezek. 9:11. Here is the first report, made at the completion of the sealing in the church – the sealing of the firstfruits, the 144,000. 'I saw,' says the servant of the Lord, '. . . an angel with a writer's inkhorn by his side returned from the earth, and reported to Jesus that his work was done . . .' -- Early Writings, p. 279. Here is his second report, made at the completion of the sealing in the world – the sealing of the second fruits, the great multitude .... Were probation to close at the time of the first report (Ezek. 9:11), the Lord must. . . be in heaven, then descend to receive His saints, instead of being already on earth, then mounting up in His throne, as He actually does, without His saints (Ezek. 10:19). Again: the prophet's being left behind when the Lord went up, figuratively shows that at this particular descent and ascent, the saints are not to be taken to heaven, but only to be set free from sin and sinners – fitted for the final work. At the angel's second report, however, Jesus, being in heaven, 'moved out of the most holy place' (Early Writings, p. 280) to descend to earth." – Pre-'Eleventh Hour' Extra, Tract No. 1, pages 20-22. (Parentheses belong to quotation.)

"His hand is still stretched out to save (Babylon), while the door is closed to those (Laodicea) who would not enter." – Testimonies, Vol. 9, page 97:2.

Question 6

When probation closes for the world, what irrevocable Divine decree fixes the destiny of every human being? Rev. 22:11,12.

NOTE --- "I saw angels hurrying to and fro in heaven. An angel returned from the earth with a writer's inkhorn by his side, and reported to Jesus that his work was done .... Then I saw Jesus, who had been ministering before the ark containing the Ten Commandments, throw down the censer. He raised his hands upward, and with a loud voice, said, It is done. And all the angelic host laid off their crowns as Jesus made the solemn declaration, He that is unjust, let him be unjust still; and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still; and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still; and he that is holy, let him be holy still. I saw that every case was then decided for life or death. Jesus had blotted out the sins of His people, He had received His kingdom, and the atonement had been made for the subjects of His kingdom. While Jesus had been ministering in the sanctuary, the judgment had been going on for the righteous dead, and then for the righteous living. The subjects of the kingdom were made up. The marriage of the Lamb was finished. And the kingdom, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven was given to Jesus, and


the heirs of salvation, and Jesus was to reign as King of kings, and Lord of lords." – Spiritual Gifts, Vol. 1, pages 197, 198.

Question 7

In the ceremonies of the ancient Day of Atonement, where were the sins of the congregation finally placed? Lev. 16:5,7-10, 20-22.

the goat is sent away
"As the goat bearing these sins was sent away, they were, with him, regarded as forever separated from the people."

NOTE --- "Important truths concerning the atonement were taught the people by this yearly service. In the sin-offerings presented during the year, a substitute had been accepted in the sinner's stead; but the blood of the victim had not made full atonement for the sin. It had only provided a means by which the sin was transferred to the sanctuary. By the offering of blood, the sinner acknowledged the authority of the law, confessed the guilt of his transgression, and expressed his faith in Him who was to take away the sin of the world; but he was not entirely released from the condemnation of the law. On the day of atonement the high priest, having taken an offering for the congregation, went into the most holy place with the blood, and sprinkled it upon the mercy – seat above the tables of the law. Thus the claims of the law, which demanded the life of the sinner, were satisfied. Then in his character of mediator the priest took the sins upon himself, and leaving the sanctuary, he bore with him the burden of Israel's guilt. At the door of the tabernacle he laid his hands upon the head of the scape-goat, and confessed over him 'all the iniquities of the children of Israel . . . .' And as the goat bearing these sins was sent away, they were with him regarded as forever separated from the people. Such was the service performed 'unto the example and shadow of heavenly things.'" – Patriarchs and Prophets, page 355, 356.

Question 8
Upon whom will the sins of God's people finally be placed? Rev. 20:1-3,10.

NOTE --- "In like manner, when the work of atonement in the heavenly sanctuary has been completed, then in the presence of God and heavenly


angels and the host of the redeemed the sins of God's people will be placed upon Satan; he will be declared guilty of all the evil which he has caused them to commit. And as the scapegoat was sent away into a land not inhabited, so Satan will be banished to the desolate earth, an uninhabited and dreary wilderness." – The Great Controversy, page 658:1.

"For a thousand years, Satan will wander to and fro in the desolate earth to behold the results of his rebellion against the law of God. During this time his sufferings are intense. Since his fall his life of unceasing activity has banished reflection; but he is now deprived of his power and left to contemplate the part which he has acted since first he rebelled against the government of heaven, and to look forward with trembling and terror to the dreadful future when he must suffer for all the evil that he has done and be punished for the sins that he has caused to be committed." – The Great Controversy, page 660:1.

"(At the end of the thousand years)... fire from God out of heaven is rained upon them (the wicked) .... Satan and his angels suffered long. Satan bore not only the weight and punishment of his own sins, but also of the sins of the redeemed host, which had been placed upon him; and he must also suffer for the ruin of souls which he had caused." – Early Writings, pages 294, 295.


"Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way, which He hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, His flesh; and having an High Priest over the house of God; let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for He is faithful that promised.)" Heb. 10:19-23.


out of the mailbag

Dear Brother,

From a friend of mine, who had been in Zurich, at our SDA Youth-Congregation, I received a tract, entitled "The Star and the Trumpet." I am very interested in that theme, and would like to get more information about it. Would you please be so kind and answer some questions I have? 1) Is The Branch a group within the boundaries of SDA Church, or do you pursue a separation? 2) Does The Branch have any connection with R. Brinsmead? 3) If not, what is your opinion about Brinsmeadism? 4) Does the General Conference oppose The Branch? 5) Is it possible to get the address, perhaps some pictures or other information from Amirim in Israel? 6) Are there needed any qualifications for becoming a member in that cooperative village? 7) Is Amirim a vegetarian colony? I would be very grateful, if you would reply to my letter. I'm looking forward towards your answer. Very cordially your brother,


Dear Sir,

I am thankful for all the literature and all the good things of life. I am 87 and the Lord has cared for me all these years .... Our people have written so much against the message and the Conference workers have done all they could to stop me from reading the message and burned my books and papers. I am grateful for all you send. I wish you would send _______your paper for he has believed the message... and please send to______ for he says he believes all the prophets have said. Yours,


Dear Bro. Roden,

Greetings in the name of our soon coming King. I have been receiving your literature for years without reading them. Recently my husband started reading the tract "The Lamb of God." I read it too and we were both convinced it is the truth. We want to know more about your organization. Please inform us on the following: (1) How do you as a people keep the feasts? We work for the government; what are we to do in obtaining leave so often? (2) We would like to send our tithes? Can we send Jamaican dollars? (3) Is there a group in Jamaica who believe this doctrine? (4) Do you advocate diet reform as other Davidians? Our family is large and we worship at home because of transportation problems. Kindly send every piece of literature that will help new believers also information of the Middle East crisis. We want to be in God's Kingdom, and are prepared to strive to enter in. Please send regular Sabbath School Lessons .... In my next letter I'll send some names. May God richly bless you for your untiring service. I have noticed that while others were engaged in a battle of words about who is the ruler in Davidia you were steadily working to save souls for the Kingdom. Again may God richly bless you. Yours to follow the truth,


Dear Folks,

Thank you for the Branch Sabbath School Lessons we received (Vol. 6, nos. 4-6) just recently by mail. We are delighted with the new format and are especially thrilled with the clear explanations of the wonderful


book of Revelation which has remained a mystery to so many for so long. My aged father and myself count it a great privilege to be able to receive these lessons which are so enlightening in this day of gross darkness. It is evident from these lessons that they are not the ideas of men but Inspiration of God. We trust as time goes on these lessons may improve in every way even as we noticed with this last edition. Keep up the good work, the Lord prosper and bless you all. Not only have we enjoyed the latest edition but also the previous lessons about Pentecost. Surely our only defense against the counterfeit will be found in the safeguard of the Scriptures. Thank the Lord that He has a way of escape for His people. We have become very much aware in recent weeks of the false outpouring that so many are being ensnared with, even those who have professed the very Present Truth. How true when men reject the Truth that they are then caused to believe a lie. It is true that many desire the Pentecostal power without being willing to fulfill the conditions necessary to receiving it, nor having a knowledge of the Truth to be proclaimed with this power. Yours to receive the True Power, Two Students,


Dear Brethren,

Greetings in the wonderful name of the dear Jesus our soon coming King. We welcomed your tract, and enjoyed it; it helps us much both in Sabbath school lessons and sermons. Food for soul is a name I conceived many a time while studying it. Before going on I wish to know the address of your representatives here in Nigeria and we also appeal for the following: 1) Articles of Faith. 2) Application for membership. 3) Enrollment on your monthly mailing list. 4) 100 tracts. Sabbath School literature and Bibles if possible. Please reply to us by airmail immediately you receive this letter . . .May God bless you and your brethren. We are your brothers in Christ,


Dear Brother,

I'd love to have Vol. 6 of the Sabbath School Lessons, also something on Passover. I am an ex-S.D.A. I have all the books by E.G. White and others by Haskell, Jones, Waggoner etc., but one short hour in your Sabbath School Lesson and I felt I had found a gold mine of treasure .... Send me something .... I wish to study more of your type and antitype message. I will tell others also...


Dear Brother in the Lord,

Greetings to all Brethren and hoping that these few lines reaches you safe as they left us over here. Dear Brother, how do you spend your feast days? I hope fine by God's grace. I do believe we over here, though few in number, have been trying our best to keep up the feast days for we know that it is the truth and must be kept .... this year another Brother, who had been backslidden a few years ago, after we worked with him was convinced and he joined with us in the feast and was so happy that he asked me to send his name and address to you so that he can receive his own tracts .... We also have three more brethren whom we are working with at. We are asking for your sincere prayers and tracts for some other brethren we are working with too .... Well brethren that's all for now and I would like to hear from you very soon for I have some tithes to send over and I would like to know how to send it. Yours truly, your Brother in Christ the Branch,

St. Lucia

Dear Mr. Roden,

I have just this night been re-reading some literature I was handed by a young boy, while attending the Kansas camp meeting this summer. The material contained therein seems controversial. I have been curious about it ever since. I am fairly new


in the faith, two years, and I don't quite understand what you are driving at. I would like to correspond with you or one of your assistants on the subject. Please write me. Do you have any literature?


Dear Brother Roden,

Greetings in our Saviour's Holy Name. Thank you for sending me Branch Sabbath School Lessons and your publication, The Lamb of God. Brother and Sister ______came to visit me... we had a study together. I asked them how to observe the feast days and they told me. I plan to keep the feast days and observe the new moon also. I am thankful to my Saviour... for sending somebody .... We needed to know the truth about the feast days. I am sending you tithes, first and second .... I plan to send my tithes from now on. I know now where the tithes belong. Kindly keep sending Branch Sabbath School Lessons. I appreciate and love to study them. Heavenly Father bless you and each one at Mt. Carmel Center is my prayer.


Dear Brother Roden,

I am a S.D.A. brother and I received literature from the 1971 campmeeting of Cassopolis, Michigan and I must say I was very impressed with what I read, especially with regards to General Conference moving to Israel. It put pieces together for me. The fourth and fifth angel's messages seem to be the special light I've been looking forward to. Let me just say that I own this small business in ______ and it was brought into being for a special purpose and that is to raise capital for a 'special' something that God has in mind that has to do with finishing the work here on earth... At this time I would like to know what is being done at General Conference toward moving to Israel? What should be done to help in any way? Of course I at first wanted to shout to every member to get ready to move to Israel but then again I was impressed that the Spirit is at work selecting and separating, and the ones to go will know whom they are at the time .... If you have literature on Israel, I would most certainly appreciate your sending it to me as soon as possible Looking forward to hearing from you soon.




NEW MOON............................................ NOV.  7

NEW MOON............................................ DEC.  6


NEW MOON............................................ JAN.  4

NEW MOON............................................ FEB.  3

NEW MOON............................................ MAR.  5

FEAST OF PURIM...................................... MAR. 18

SHUSHAN PURIM....................................... MAR. 19

NEW MOON............................................ APR.  3

PASSOVER (Lord's Supper)............................ APR. 17

FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD................. APR. 17 - APR. 23

NEW MOON............................................ MAY   3

NEW MOON............................................ JUN.  1

PENTECOST........................................... JUN. 10

NEW MOON............................................ JUL.  1

NEW MOON............................................ JUL. 30

NEW MOON............................................ AUG. 29

FEAST OF TRUMPETS................................... SEP. 27

DAY OF ATONEMENT.................................... OCT.  6

FEAST OF TABERNACLES.......................OCT. 11 - OCT. 19

* Each Feast day begins at
sundown of the night before.



Due to the amount of interest shown in the subject matter contained in our 1971 camp tract entitled – "Shock – The Truth About The Texas Supreme Court," we would draw your attention to two articles published by The Branch in 1969. A letter addressed to Mr. Hart (the attorney for the Second Tithers) and Second Tithers, and also a booklet entitled "The Flying Roll" both explain what is involved in this test issue which is currently in the Texas courts. For those who are interested, both these articles can be obtained, free of charge, by writing your request to the Branch Office.


In spite of the work of the enemy of souls to thwart God's plan for the salvation of His people and even to stop the work at New Mt. Carmel, the work here at Headquarters continues to grow. Letters continue to flow into the Branch Office week after week. People with whom we have had no former contact, whole churches requesting affiliation with The Branch, and faithful workers around the world, bear witness to the fact that the Lord has the reins in His Own Hands and that He is finishing the work and cutting it short in righteousness. New countries are opening up to the reception of the Sabbath School Lessons with each issue that is sent out. Our mailing list continues to skyrocket, having tripled itself in the last few years. The Branch is building the temple and truly we can praise His name.


The Branch Elementary and High Schools opened in Sept. More time and effort is to be spent this year instructing the children in the art of agriculture, for this is indeed the A,B,C of education. The gardens are being enlarged once more to cope with the growing demand for organically grown vegetables. Our orchard has also been enlarged with the planting of some new Rio Oso Gem peach trees. We have endeavored to beautify our drive by planting several olive trees along the way. Some of the residents are investing in Black Walnut and other fruit trees to plant around the houses and in the gardens.


We solicit your prayers and your tithes and offerings that the work of God may continue undeterred. "Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mind house, and prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it." Mal. 3:10.

All emphases and parentheses used throughout these lessons are ours unless otherwise stated at the close of the quotation.


DHTML Menu by Milonic